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Titolo:
DIETARY-INTAKE PATTERNS AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS IN THE ATHEROSCLEROSIS RISK IN COMMUNITIES STUDY
Autore:
SHIMAKAWA T; SORLIE P; CARPENTER MA; DENNIS B; TELL GS; WATSON R; WILLIAMS OD;
Indirizzi:
NHLBI,DIV EPIDEMIOL & CLIN APPLICAT,FED BLDG,ROOM 2C03,7550 WISCONSINAVE BETHESDA MD 20892 UNIV N CAROLINA,CTR COLLABORAT STUDIES COORDINATING,DEPT BIOSTAT CHAPEL HILL NC 00000 WAKE FOREST UNIV,BOWMAN GRAY SCH MED,DEPT PUBL HLTH SCI WINSTON SALEMNC 27103 UNIV MISSISSIPPI,MED CTR,DIV EPIDEMIOL JACKSON MS 39216 UNIV ALABAMA,SCH PUBL HLTH BIRMINGHAM AL 35294
Titolo Testata:
Preventive medicine
fascicolo: 6, volume: 23, anno: 1994,
pagine: 769 - 780
SICI:
0091-7435(1994)23:6<769:DPASFI>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
UNITED-STATES POPULATION; NATIONAL-HEALTH; YOUNG-ADULTS; CHOLESTEROL; MORTALITY; CARDIA; EDUCATION; BLACK; FIBER; RACE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
42
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T. Shimakawa et al., "DIETARY-INTAKE PATTERNS AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS IN THE ATHEROSCLEROSIS RISK IN COMMUNITIES STUDY", Preventive medicine, 23(6), 1994, pp. 769-780

Abstract

Background. Comprehensive and up-to-date data on differences in dietary intake according to various sociodemographic factors are needed to understand the potential impact of dietary factors on disease risks inthe United States. Methods. Usual dietary intake assessed by a food frequency questionnaire was examined in relation to race, sex, and educational attainment using baseline data obtained from randomly selectedsamples of 15,800 middle-aged black and white men and women who participated in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Results. In almost all comparisons, higher educational attainment was associated with recommended dietary intake patterns-lower per energy intakes of meats, eggs, chicken with skin, and whole milk and higher intakes of fruits, vegetables, fish, chicken without skin, and low-fat milk. As expected from these food intake patterns, higher educational attainment was associated with lower intakes of saturated fatty acid and cholesterol and with higher intakes of dietary fiber and various micronutrients. Compared with women's diets, men's diets were slightly more atherogenic (in whites only) based upon Keys score and had lower micronutrient levels. Although there were large differences in the food intakes between blacks and whites, the differences in nutrient intakes were generally smaller. However, intakes of cholesterol and vitamin A were somewhat higher and intakes of saturated fatty acid, calcium, and potassium were lower among blacks than in whites. Conclusions. This community-based study clearly demonstrated that regardless of race and sex, high educational attainment is associated with recommended dietary intake patterns. Continuing efforts to improve general educational level and topromote healthy dietary habits among those with low socioeconomic status are warranted. (C) 1994 Academic Press, Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 16:33:49