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Titolo:
FAULT PREVENTION, JOB DESIGN, AND THE ADAPTIVE-CONTROL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
Autore:
CHMIEL N; WALL T;
Indirizzi:
UNIV SHEFFIELD,DEPT PSYCHOL SHEFFIELD S10 2TN S YORKSHIRE ENGLAND UNIV SHEFFIELD,MRC,ESRC,SOCIAL & APPL PSYCHOL UNIT SHEFFIELD S10 2TN S YORKSHIRE ENGLAND
Titolo Testata:
Applied psychology
fascicolo: 4, volume: 43, anno: 1994,
pagine: 455 - 473
SICI:
0269-994X(1994)43:4<455:FPJDAT>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EXPLICIT KNOWLEDGE; INTERACTIVE TASKS; TACIT SKILLS; WORK DESIGN; IMPLICIT; PERFORMANCE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social Sciences Citation Index
Citazioni:
42
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
N. Chmiel e T. Wall, "FAULT PREVENTION, JOB DESIGN, AND THE ADAPTIVE-CONTROL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY", Applied psychology, 43(4), 1994, pp. 455-473

Abstract

Traditional accounts of the effect of work design on performance invoke motivational processes. Recent work involving advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) suggests a major explanatory factor in this link iscognitive. Job designs that give operators enhanced responsibility, and place less reliance on specialist support, lead to increased systemperformance. A key aspect of the potential performance improvement isthe development of fault prevention strategies by operators. We deliberately focus on laboratory-based tasks on adaptive control to explorethe insights they provide for the AMT context. These demonstrate two potential types of knowledge and their acquisition: implicit and explicit. The principal suggestion from this perspective is that implicit knowledge is implicated in fault prevention, and that its acquisition depends on active involvement in fault management of AMT systems. This leads to a surprising perspective on the respective roles of job design and training in promoting AMT system performance. We propose that job design should be viewed as providing the opportunity to learn and exercise knowledge in fault prevention, and that formal, instructionallybased training has a greater role in fault diagnosis and rectification.

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Documento generato il 20/09/20 alle ore 19:23:38