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Titolo:
EFFECTS OF CLEARCUTTING AND SOIL MIXING ON SOIL PROPERTIES AND UNDERSTOREY BIOMASS IN WESTERN RED CEDAR AND WESTERN HEMLOCK FORESTS ON NORTHERN VANCOUVER-ISLAND, CANADA
Autore:
KEENAN RJ; MESSIER C; KIMMINS JPH;
Indirizzi:
QUEENSLAND FOREST RES INST,POB 210 ATHERTON QLD 4883 AUSTRALIA UNIV BRITISH COLUMBIA,DEPT FOREST SCI VANCOUVER V6T 1Z4 BC CANADA UNIV QUEBEC,DEPT SCI BIOL,RECH ECOL FORESTIERE GRP MONTREAL H3C 3P8 PQ CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Forest ecology and management
fascicolo: 2-3, volume: 68, anno: 1994,
pagine: 251 - 261
SICI:
0378-1127(1994)68:2-3<251:EOCASM>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COASTAL BRITISH-COLUMBIA; CLEAR-CUT; NITROGEN AVAILABILITY; FOLIAR ANALYSIS; RESIN BAGS; DYNAMICS; GROWTH; WISCONSIN; CUTOVERS; SITES;
Keywords:
SOIL NUTRIENT AVAILABILITY; DISTURBANCE; WINDTHROW; CULTIVATION; DECOMPOSITION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R.J. Keenan et al., "EFFECTS OF CLEARCUTTING AND SOIL MIXING ON SOIL PROPERTIES AND UNDERSTOREY BIOMASS IN WESTERN RED CEDAR AND WESTERN HEMLOCK FORESTS ON NORTHERN VANCOUVER-ISLAND, CANADA", Forest ecology and management, 68(2-3), 1994, pp. 251-261

Abstract

On northern Vancouver Island in British Columbia it has been hypothesised that the cultivation effect of repeated windthrow is the cause ofthe higher nutrient availability in windstorm-derived, natural second-growth stands of western hemlock and amabilis fir (the HA type), compared with adjacent old-growth stands of western red cedar with a smaller component of hemlock, and a dense understorey of the ericaceous shrub, salal (the CH type). In 1988 an experiment was established in a clearcut area containing examples of these two forest types. The experiment was designed to simulate the effects of a broadscale windthrow by mixing mineral and organic horizons using a large rake attached to an excavator. In this study, a range of soil physical and chemical properties, and the biomass of understorey plants, were measured 4.5 years after treatment in uncut, clearcut, and clearcut and mixed plots of thetwo types. In the HA type, clearcutting and soil mixing decreased surface organic matter and moisture content, and increased the rate of decomposition of cellulose. It had little effect on the rate of microbial activity measured using CO2 evolved in laboratory incubation, or N and P measured after KCl extraction, anaerobic incubation, or using ion-exchange resin bags in situ. In the CH type, the treatment decreased mineralisable N and phosphate-P held on resin bags, and the rates of cellulose decomposition and CO2 evolution. Mixing markedly decreased the cover of salal compared with both the clearcut only and the uncut treatment. The anticipated benefits of mixing and soil disturbance (increased soil nutrient availability brought about by the mixing of mineral and organic horizons) have not occurred. This was probably because the mixing treatment brought humus material from deeper in the soil profile to the surface. Decomposition of this material is limited more byits poorer quality for decomposers (lower N concentration, and possibly higher tannins) than by soil microclimate.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 16:15:55