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Titolo:
SURFACE-CHEMISTRY OF TIN OXIDE-BASED GAS SENSORS
Autore:
GAGGIOTTI G; GALDIKAS A; KACIULIS S; MATTOGNO G; SETKUS A;
Indirizzi:
CNR,INST CHIM MAT,CP 10 I-00016 MONTEROTONDO ITALY SEMICOND PHYS INST VILNIUS 2600 LITHUANIA
Titolo Testata:
Journal of applied physics
fascicolo: 8, volume: 76, anno: 1994,
pagine: 4467 - 4471
SICI:
0021-8979(1994)76:8<4467:SOTOGS>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
THIN-FILM; SNOX FILMS; PHOTOEMISSION; SPECTROSCOPY; SENSITIVITY; STATES;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
G. Gaggiotti et al., "SURFACE-CHEMISTRY OF TIN OXIDE-BASED GAS SENSORS", Journal of applied physics, 76(8), 1994, pp. 4467-4471

Abstract

Four types of gas sensors based on SnO(x) thin film with and without additives (Pt and Sb) were investigated by means of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning Auger microscopy. The sensors were deposited on Si substrates by using reactive dc magnetron sputtering. The temperature dependencies of the electrical resistivity response to CO gasexposure were measured in order to characterize all types of fabricated sensors. The surface chemical composition before and after various treatments (Ar+ ion sputtering, thermal annealings in ultrahigh vacuum, and oxygen up to 400-degrees-C) was determined from core level and valence band spectra. The three main types of oxygen species were foundon the sensors' surface: oxygen in SnO(x), adsorbed hydroxyl groups and adsorbed water. An ultrathin Pt overlayer, which enhances the gas sensitivity in a low operating temperature range, was found to be very porous. The addition of a Pt overlayer was promoting a formation of hydroxyl groups, while the surface oxygen species was independent of theSb doping. The obtained results support the assumption that the changes of the sensors' resistivity under reducing gas exposure are caused more by the change of the surface defects' density than by variation of excess surface charge induced by adsorbed oxygen species.

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Documento generato il 29/11/20 alle ore 09:11:26