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Titolo:
PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF CAROTID ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN HEALTHY POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN
Autore:
LASSILA HC; TYRRELL KS; MATTHEWS KA; WOLFSON SK; KULLER LH;
Indirizzi:
UNIV PITTSBURGH,SCH MED,DEPT EPIDEMIOL,127 PARRAN HALL,130 DESOTO ST PITTSBURGH PA 15261 UNIV PITTSBURGH,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT PITTSBURGH PA 15260 UNIV PITTSBURGH,SCH MED,DEPT SURG PITTSBURGH PA 15260
Titolo Testata:
Stroke
fascicolo: 3, volume: 28, anno: 1997,
pagine: 513 - 517
SICI:
0039-2499(1997)28:3<513:PADOCA>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ISOLATED SYSTOLIC HYPERTENSION; ARTERY WALL THICKNESS; CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH; RISK-FACTORS; GENERAL-POPULATION; OLDER ADULTS; DISEASE;
Keywords:
ATHEROSCLEROSIS; CAROTID ARTERIES; RISK FACTORS; ULTRASONICS; WOMEN;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
H.C. Lassila et al., "PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF CAROTID ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN HEALTHY POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN", Stroke, 28(3), 1997, pp. 513-517

Abstract

Background and Purpose Subclinical atherosclerosis in the carotid arteries can be assessed noninvasively with B-mode ultrasound. Few studies have included enough younger postmenopausal women to examine risk factors specific to this group that were related to subclinical carotid atherosclerosis. Methods A subgroup of 200 participants of the HealthyWomen Study underwent B-mode ultrasound of the carotid arteries. Intima-media thickness (IMT) and focal plaque were assessed in each carotid artery. Data regarding risk factors, including blood pressure parameters, lipid values, body mass index, smoking history, and hormone status, were collected at three separate time points (before menopause, 1 year after menopause, and 5 or 8 years after menopause). Results The mean IMT was 0.76+/-0.11 mm, and 50% of the population had at least onefocal plaque. Smoking had the strongest association with the presenceof plaque. Women who smoked al the time of the ultrasound evaluation had five times the odds of having at least one focal plaque compared with women who had never smoked (95% confidence interval, 2.0 to 13.0; P less than or equal to.01). After we controlled for age and years after menopause, premenopausal values of pulse pressure (P less than or equal to.05), LDL cholesterol (P less than or equal to.05), and a history of smoking (P less than or equal to.01) were independently predictive of plaque. Premenopausal values Df triglycerides, pulse pressure, and ever smoking were independently related to average IMT after we controlled for age and years after menopause. Conclusions This study has provided valuable information about the prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis and the risk factors related to carotid atherosclerosis in a group of healthy postmenopausal women.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/11/20 alle ore 18:50:49