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Titolo:
THE PHARMACOKINETICS OF CHLOROQUINE IN HEALTHY AND PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI-INFECTED MICE - IMPLICATIONS FOR CHRONOTHERAPY
Autore:
CAMBIE G; VERDIER F; GAUDEBOUT C; CLAVIER F; GINSBURG H;
Indirizzi:
HEBREW UNIV JERUSALEM,INST LIFE SCI,DEPT BIOL CHEM IL-91904 JERUSALEMISRAEL HOP CLAUDE BERNARD,INSERM,U13 F-75944 PARIS 19 FRANCE HOP CLAUDE BERNARD,INST MED & EPIDEMIOL AFRICAINE F-75944 PARIS 19 FRANCE MUSEUM NATL HIST NAT,CNRS,BIOL PARASITAIRE LAB F-75231 PARIS 05 FRANCE HEBREW UNIV JERUSALEM,INST LIFE SCI,DEPT BIOL CHEM IL-91904 JERUSALEMISRAEL
Titolo Testata:
Parasite
fascicolo: 3, volume: 1, anno: 1994,
pagine: 219 - 226
SICI:
1252-607X(1994)1:3<219:TPOCIH>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
WHOLE-BLOOD; MALARIA; CHRONOTHERAPY; KINETICS; PLASMA; STAGE;
Keywords:
PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; MOUSE MALARIA; CHLOROQUINE; PHARMACOKINETICS; CHRONOTHERAPY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
18
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
G. Cambie et al., "THE PHARMACOKINETICS OF CHLOROQUINE IN HEALTHY AND PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI-INFECTED MICE - IMPLICATIONS FOR CHRONOTHERAPY", Parasite, 1(3), 1994, pp. 219-226

Abstract

The schizogony of malarial parasite is a typical cyclic phenomenon where the different stages of parasite development appear al regular time intervals. Each of the sieges is specifically sensitive io differentantimalarial drugs. Knowledge of the details of the cycle, drug susceptibility and the pharmacokinetics of drugs, could al ow the improvement of drug action by the chronotherapeutic approach: treatment at the time of appearance of the drug sensitive stage with a drug that displays rapid pharmacokinetics. Since murine malarias serve as preferable models for in vivo drug testing, the pharmacokinetics of subcutaneously(sc) administered chloroquine (CQ) were tested in the whole blood of healthy mice and in animals slightly (1.5-3.5% parasitemia) or heavilyinfected (21-25% parasitemia) with Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi. The half-time of absorption was around 5 min and almost independent of parasitemia. The apparent half-time oi drug concentration decoy was around 40 min in healthy animals, about 90 min at ow parasitemia and about 410 min in heavy infection, indicating that the concentration of CQ isa typical spike, that is prolonged by asymptomatic disease, and considerably more by the active accumulation of CQ in infected cells. The latter is confirmed by the 3-fold higher peek blood [CQ] at the trophozoite siege and <1.5-fold increase during schizogony. In conjunction with our previous experiments which showed that a single sc injection of5 mg/kg CQ is sufficient io eliminate the drug susceptible mid-term trophozoite stage, the present results seem io justify to propose the chronotherapeutic approach for the treatment of malaria.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 20:01:00