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Titolo:
THE ROLE OF NUTRITION IN OSTEOPOROSIS
Autore:
BUNKER VW;
Indirizzi:
PORTSMOUTH POLYTECH,SCH PHARM & BIOMED SCI,KING HENRY 1ST ST PORTSMOUTH PO1 2DZ ENGLAND
Titolo Testata:
British journal of biomedical science
fascicolo: 3, volume: 51, anno: 1994,
pagine: 228 - 240
SICI:
0967-4845(1994)51:3<228:TRONIO>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BONE-MINERAL CONTENT; URINARY CALCIUM EXCRETION; VITAMIN-K DEFICIENCY; MIDDLE-AGED WOMEN; POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN; SEASONAL-VARIATION; PROXIMAL FEMUR; ELDERLY PEOPLE; PARATHYROID-HORMONE; CHRONIC-ALCOHOLISM;
Keywords:
ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION; CAFFEINE; CALCIUM; NUTRITION; OSTEOPOROSIS; TRACE ELEMENTS; VITAMINS;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
197
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
V.W. Bunker, "THE ROLE OF NUTRITION IN OSTEOPOROSIS", British journal of biomedical science, 51(3), 1994, pp. 228-240

Abstract

Osteoporosis-related bone fractures are a significant cause of mortality and morbidity, with women being particularly affected. Osteoporosis is a condition of bone fragility resulting from micro-architectural deterioration and decreased bone mass; adult bone mass depends upon the peak attained and the rate of subsequent loss; each depends on the interaction of genetic, hormonal, environmental and nutritional factors. An adequate supply of calcium is essential to attain maximum bone mass, and adult intakes below about 500 mg/day may predispose to low bone mass. Supplementation with calcium may conserve bone at some skeletal sites, but whether this translates into reduced fracture rates is not clear. Chronically low intakes of vitamin D - and possibly magnesium, boron, fluoride and vitamins K, B-12, B-6 and folic acid (particularly if coexisting)- may pre-dispose to osteoporosis. Similarly, chronically high intakes of protein, sodium chloride, alcohol and caffeine may also adversely affect bone health. The typical Western diet (high inprotein, salt and refined, processed foods) combined with an increasing sedentary lifestyle may contribute to the increasing incidence of osteoporosis in the elderly.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/12/20 alle ore 20:16:59