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Titolo:
PROBABILISTIC CONSTRAINTS AND SYNTACTIC AMBIGUITY RESOLUTION
Autore:
MACDONALD MC;
Indirizzi:
UNIV SO CALIF,DEPT LINGUIST & PSYCHOL,HEDCO NEUROSCI BLDG LOS ANGELESCA 90089
Titolo Testata:
Language and cognitive processes
fascicolo: 2, volume: 9, anno: 1994,
pagine: 157 - 201
SICI:
0169-0965(1994)9:2<157:PCASAR>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EYE-MOVEMENTS; WORD-RECOGNITION; CONTEXT; DISCOURSE; SENTENCES; EXPECTATIONS; TESTS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social Sciences Citation Index
Citazioni:
48
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M.C. Macdonald, "PROBABILISTIC CONSTRAINTS AND SYNTACTIC AMBIGUITY RESOLUTION", Language and cognitive processes, 9(2), 1994, pp. 157-201

Abstract

Natural languages contain probabilistic constraints that influence the resolution of ambiguities. Current models of sentence processing agree that probabilistic constraints affect syntactic ambiguity resolution, but there has been little investigation of the constraints themselves-what they are, how they differ in their effects on processing, and how they interact with one another. Three different types of probabilistic constraints were investigated: ''pre-ambiguity'' plausibility information, information about verb argument structure frequencies, and ''post-ambiguity'' constraints that arrive after the introduction of the ambiguity but prior to its disambiguation. Reading times for syntactically ambiguous sentences were compared to reading times for unambiguous controls in three self-paced reading experiments. All three kinds of constraints were found to be helpful, and when several constraints converged, ambiguity resolution was facilitated compared to when constraints conflicted. The importance of these constraint interactions forambiguity resolution models is discussed.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/12/20 alle ore 15:27:50