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Titolo:
A SIMPLE REINFORCEMENT SYSTEM FOR METHADONE CLIENTS IN A COMMUNITY-BASED TREATMENT PROGRAM
Autore:
ROWANSZAL G; JOE GW; CHATHAM LR; SIMPSON DD;
Indirizzi:
TEXAS CHRISTIAN UNIV,INST BEHAV RES,POB 32880 FT WORTH TX 76129
Titolo Testata:
Journal of substance abuse treatment
fascicolo: 3, volume: 11, anno: 1994,
pagine: 217 - 233
SICI:
0740-5472(1994)11:3<217:ASRSFM>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MAINTENANCE PATIENTS; DRUG-USE; CONTINGENCIES;
Keywords:
CONTINGENCY MANAGEMENT; METHADONE; REINFORCEMENT; BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social Sciences Citation Index
Social Sciences Citation Index
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
G. Rowanszal et al., "A SIMPLE REINFORCEMENT SYSTEM FOR METHADONE CLIENTS IN A COMMUNITY-BASED TREATMENT PROGRAM", Journal of substance abuse treatment, 11(3), 1994, pp. 217-233

Abstract

Clients in a community-based methadone treatment program earned starsfor attending counseling sessions as scheduled and for providing clean urines. These stars were later redeemed for contingent rewards (foodor gas coupons or bus tokens) according to one of three randomly assigned reward schedules, including high reward (four stars per prize), low reward (eight stars per prize), or delayed reward (those who had towait 3 months to earn a prize). Clients in the high-reward condition showed a pattern of increasing the number of stars earned for group sessions and clean urines across the 3-month intervention. All clients, independent of reward condition, attended significantly more group counseling sessions during the months that contingent reinforcers were available than in the months prior to, and after, the intervention. Finally, urinalysis data indicated that, in the postintervention period, high-reward clients had fewer dirty urines than did low-reward or delayed-reward clients. This study suggests that a simple system of recognizing client progress with stars and modest prizes for performing specific behaviors can be an effective tool in increasing clinic attendancerates and reducing positive urines.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 09:06:09