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Titolo: CALCULATION OF SHEAR INFLUENCES ON THE PHASESEPARATION OF POLYMER BLENDS EXHIBITING UPPER CRITICAL SOLUTION TEMPERATURES
Autore: HORST R; WOLF BA;
 Indirizzi:
 UNIV MAINZ,INST PHYS CHEM,JAKOB WELDER WEG 13 D55099 MAINZ GERMANY UNIV MAINZ,INST PHYS CHEM,JAKOB WELDER WEG 13 D55099 MAINZ GERMANY
 Titolo Testata:
 Rheologica Acta
fascicolo: 2,
volume: 33,
anno: 1994,
pagine: 99  107
 SICI:
 00354511(1994)33:2<99:COSIOT>2.0.ZU;2M
 Fonte:
 ISI
 Lingua:
 ENG
 Soggetto:
 ANGLE NEUTRONSCATTERING; CLOSED MISCIBILITY GAPS; HOMOGENEOUS MELT STATE; INSITU FLUORESCENCE; FLOW; BEHAVIOR; POLYSTYRENE; TRANSITIONS; APPARATUS; METHYLETHER);
 Keywords:
 SHEAR FLOW; UCST; POLYMER BLEND; PHASE SEPARATION; STORED ENERGY; CLOSED MISCIBILITY GAP;
 Tipo documento:
 Article
 Natura:
 Periodico
 Settore Disciplinare:
 Science Citation Index Expanded
 Citazioni:
 35
 Recensione:
 Indirizzi per estratti:



 Citazione:
 R. Horst e B.A. Wolf, "CALCULATION OF SHEAR INFLUENCES ON THE PHASESEPARATION OF POLYMER BLENDS EXHIBITING UPPER CRITICAL SOLUTION TEMPERATURES", Rheologica Acta, 33(2), 1994, pp. 99107
Abstract
Calculations were performed on the basis of a generalized Gibbs energy of mixing G(gamma), which is the sum of the Gibbs energy of mixing of the stagnant system and E(s), the energy stored in the system duringstationary flow. With increasing shear rate gamma, the demixing temperatures shift to lower values (shearinduced mixing; diminution of theheterogeneous area), then to higher values (shearinduced demixing), and finally to lower values again before the effects fade out. The details of the rather complex phase diagrams resulting for a given shear rate are primarily determined by a band in the T/x plane (x = mole fraction) within which (partial derivative 2 E(s)/partial derivative x2)T< 0 (i.e., E(s) acts towards phase separation). There are two ranges of gamma within which closed miscibility gaps can exist: The more common outer islands are partly or totally situated outside the equilibrium gap (and within the above mentioned band). As gamma is raised they break away from the ''mainland'' at the upper end of the first region of shearinduced mixing and shift to T > UCST where they submerge. Bound to a suitable choice of parameters, a second kind of closed miscibility gaps, the inner islands, which always remain within the equilibrium solubility gap (and outside the band of negative curvature of E(s)) is additionally observed. This time the islands break away from the ''mainland'' at the lower end of the first region of shearinduced mixing where they also submerge. The present findings are compared with theresults of previous calculations for LCSTs.
ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/10/20 alle ore 05:34:41