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Titolo:
AN EFFICIENT QUANTITATIVE TECHNIQUE FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ANALYSES OF RADON DAUGHTERS PB-210, BI-210 AND PO-210
Autore:
CHURCH TM; HUSSAIN N; FERDELMAN TG; FOWLER SW;
Indirizzi:
UNIV DELAWARE,COLL MARINE STUDIES NEWARK DE 19716 IAEA,ENVIRONM LAB MONACO 98012 MONACO
Titolo Testata:
Talanta
fascicolo: 2, volume: 41, anno: 1994,
pagine: 243 - 249
SICI:
0039-9140(1994)41:2<243:AEQTFT>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GROUNDWATERS; SEPARATION; POLONIUM;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T.M. Church et al., "AN EFFICIENT QUANTITATIVE TECHNIQUE FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ANALYSES OF RADON DAUGHTERS PB-210, BI-210 AND PO-210", Talanta, 41(2), 1994, pp. 243-249

Abstract

An improved and time efficient technique has been developed for quantitative determination of the long-lived Rn-222 daughters (Pb-210, Po-210 and Bi-209) in atmospheric and oceanic samples. The sample is firstspiked with yield tracers for polonium (208 or 209), bismuth (207), and lead (stable lead carrier). These nuclides may then be scavenged through iron hydroxide precipitation and redissolved in a dilute (pH approximately 2) nitric acid plating medium with citrate and hydroxylamine hydrochloride at 90-degrees centrigrade with constant stirring. First a silver planchet is suspended in the solution which plates poloniumto high efficiency. Second, a nickel planchet is suspended in the same solution which is maintained hermetic (e.g. bubbling with helium) and bismuth is plated next with high efficiency. Third, lead is purifiedfrom the same solution using anion exchange techniques and isolated for beta counting as the sulfate. Polonium is analyzed by isotope dilution alpha spectrometry. Bismuth and lead are analyzed by anti-coincident beta counting in a low level shield. In the case of bismuth, the 207 tracer is added in quantities at least comparable to the background of the beta system such that counting before and after the decay of 2 Bi-210 gives the bismuth yield. The unique characteristics of this technique are its speed and efficiency; all three radon daughters can be isolated for counting within 4 hr of pre-treating the sample. The remaining solution can be treated subsequently for other analyses as appropriate.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 19:47:23