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Titolo:
THE EFFECTS OF TAPER ON PERFORMANCE IN DISTANCE RUNNERS
Autore:
HOUMARD JA; SCOTT BK; JUSTICE CL; CHENIER TC;
Indirizzi:
E CAROLINA UNIV,HUMAN PERFORMANCE LAB,SPORTS MED BLDG GREENVILLE NC 27858 E CAROLINA UNIV,DEPT BIOSTAT GREENVILLE NC 27858
Titolo Testata:
Medicine and science in sports and exercise
fascicolo: 5, volume: 26, anno: 1994,
pagine: 624 - 631
SICI:
0195-9131(1994)26:5<624:TEOTOP>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RUNNING ECONOMY; ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE; ENDURANCE; EXERCISE; ADAPTATIONS; RESPONSES; CAPACITY; MUSCLE; POWER;
Keywords:
ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE; TRAINING; REDUCED TRAINING;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J.A. Houmard et al., "THE EFFECTS OF TAPER ON PERFORMANCE IN DISTANCE RUNNERS", Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 26(5), 1994, pp. 624-631

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if a 7-d systematic reduction in training volume or ''taper'' could improve distance running performance. Three groups of eight runners were examined: 1) run taper, 2) cycle taper, and 3) control. Training in the run taper group consisted of high-intensity intervals and an 85% reduction in training volume. The cycle taper group performed an equivalent amount of interval training as the run taper group, but each member exercised on a cycle ergometer. Control subjects continued normal training. A self-paced 5-km time trial served as the index of performance. The run taper group decreased 5-km time by 3% (1036.2 +/- 30.6 to 1006.8 +/- 28.2 s, P < 0.005). A significant decrease (P < 0.01) in submaximal oxygen consumption(6%) and calculated caloric expenditure (7%) at a running speed eliciting 80% of VO2max was also evident in the run taper group. Five-km performance and running economy were not altered in the cycle taper or control groups. These findings indicate that 7 d of tapered running improved distance running performance and running economy. A taper regimen of equivalent duration cycle training maintained performance in distance runners.

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Documento generato il 03/12/20 alle ore 06:04:37