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Titolo:
EMG ACTIVITIES AND GROUND REACTION FORCES DURING FATIGUED AND NONFATIGUED SPRINTING
Autore:
NUMMELA A; RUSKO H; MERO A;
Indirizzi:
RES INST OLYMPIC SPORTS,RAUTPOHJANKATU 6 SF-40700 JYVASKYLA FINLAND UNIV JYVASKYLA,DEPT BIOL PHYS ACT SF-40351 JYVASKYLA FINLAND
Titolo Testata:
Medicine and science in sports and exercise
fascicolo: 5, volume: 26, anno: 1994,
pagine: 605 - 609
SICI:
0195-9131(1994)26:5<605:EAAGRF>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN SKELETAL-MUSCLE; SHORTENING CYCLE EXERCISES; STRETCH; METABOLISM; SPEEDS;
Keywords:
FATIGUE; STRETCH-SHORTENING CYCLE; ELECTROMYOGRAPHY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
25
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
A. Nummela et al., "EMG ACTIVITIES AND GROUND REACTION FORCES DURING FATIGUED AND NONFATIGUED SPRINTING", Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 26(5), 1994, pp. 605-609

Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate EMG activities and ground reaction forces during fatigued and nonfatigued running. Ten male sprint runners volunteered to run a maximal 20-m speed test, a 400-m time trial, and submaximal 20-m runs at the average speed of the first 100 m of the 400 m. During the latter stage of each run, ground reaction forces and EMG activity of four leg muscles were recorded. EMG activities were time averaged during three phases of running: preactivation, braking, and propulsion phase. The resultant ground reaction forces both in the braking (P < 0.001) and in the propulsion phase (P < 0.01)were greater in the maximal and submaximal 20 m than at the end of the 400 m. The averaged EMG during the braking phase (P < 0.01) and during the total ground phase (P < 0.05) was smaller in the submaximal 20 m than at the end of the 400 m. On the other hand the averaged EMG wasgreater during the maximal 20 m than at the end of the 400 m during the propulsion phase (P < 0.001) and during the total ground phase (P <0.05). In addition, the more the preactivity increased the less the resultant ground reaction force decreased in the braking phase during the 400 m run (r = 0.77, P < 0.05). It was concluded that the role of the increased neural activation was to compensate for muscular fatigue and the preactivation had an important role in maintaining force production during the 400-m run. In addition, the fatigue was different in each working muscle.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 14/08/20 alle ore 08:15:08