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Titolo:
CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS IN GRAY WHALES (ESCHRICHTIUS-ROBUSTUS) STRANDEDALONG THE WEST-COAST OF NORTH-AMERICA
Autore:
VARANASI U; STEIN JE; TILBURY KL; MEADOR JP; SLOAN CA; CLARK RC; CHAN SL;
Indirizzi:
NOAA,NATL MARINE FISHERIES SERV,NW FISHERIES SCI CTR,DIV ENVIRONM CONSERVAT,2725 MONTLAKE BLVD E SEATTLE WA 98112
Titolo Testata:
Science of the total environment
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 145, anno: 1994,
pagine: 29 - 53
SICI:
0048-9697(1994)145:1-2<29:CCIGW(>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SOLE PAROPHRYS-VETULUS; PUGET-SOUND; AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS; HEAVY-METALS; WASHINGTON; ORGANOCHLORINES; LESIONS; TISSUES; ESTUARY; URBAN;
Keywords:
GRAY WHALE; MARINE MAMMAL; CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS; METALS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
49
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
U. Varanasi et al., "CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS IN GRAY WHALES (ESCHRICHTIUS-ROBUSTUS) STRANDEDALONG THE WEST-COAST OF NORTH-AMERICA", Science of the total environment, 145(1-2), 1994, pp. 29-53

Abstract

The concentrations of selected chlorinated hydrocarbons (e.g. PCBs, DDTs, DDEs, chlordanes) and essential (e.g. zinc, selenium, copper) andtoxic (e.g. mercury, lead, arsenic) elements were measured in tissuesand stomach contents from 22 gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus) stranded between 1988 and 1991 at sites from the relatively pristine areasof Kodiak Island, AK, to more urbanized areas in Puget Sound, WA, andSan Francisco Bay, CA..The majority of animals were stranded at siteson the Washington outer coast and in Puget Sound. The gray whale has the unique feeding strategy among Mysticeti of filtering sediments to feed on benthic (bottom dwelling) invertebrates. Thus, the wide geographical distribution of the stranded whales allowed (1) an initial assessment of whether concentrations of chemical contaminants in these whales exhibited region specific differences and (2) whether toxic chemicals that accumulate in sediments may have contributed to the mortalityand stranding of gray whales near the more polluted urban areas. Analyses for chlorinated hydrocarbons in blubber from 22 animals showed noapparent significant differences among stranding sites. The concentrations of SIGMAPCBs and SIGMADDEs in blubber, for example, ranged from 120 to 10000 and 9 to 2100 p.p.b. (ng/g) wet weight, respectively. Additionally, analyses of chlorinated hydrocarbons and selected elements in liver (n = 10) also showed no apparent significant differences between whales stranded in Puget Sound and whales stranded at more pristine sites (Alaska, Washington outer coast and Strait of Juan de Fuca andStrait of Georgia). For example, the concentrations of SIGMAPCBs and SIGMADDEs in liver ranged from 79 to 1600 and 7 to 280 p.p.b., respectively, and the concentrations of the toxic elements, mercury and lead ranged from 9 to 120 and 20 to 270 p.p.b., respectively. Analyses of stomach contents revealed low concentrations of chlorinated hydrocarbons, but high concentrations (wet weight) of aluminum (1 700 000 +/- 450000 p.p.b.), iron (320 000 +/- 250 000 p.p.b.), manganese (23 000 +/-15 000 p.p.b.), and chromium (3400 +/- 1300 p.p.b.), but no significant differences were observed between whales stranded in Puget Sound compared to whales stranded at the more pristine sites. The relative proportions of these elements in stomach contents of stranded whales weresimilar to the relative proportions in sediments, which is consistentwith a geological source of these elements from the ingestion of sediment during feeding. Thus, overall, the concentrations of anthropogenic chemicals in stranded gray whales showed little relation to the levels of chemical contaminants at the stranding sites. Further, the results showed that the concentrations of potentially toxic chemicals in tissues were relatively low when compared with the concentrations in tissues of marine mammals feeding on higher trophic level species, such as fish. The lack of data from apparently healthy gray whales, however,limits the assessment of whether the levels of anthropogenic contaminants found in tissues may have deleterious effects on the health of gray whales.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 31/03/20 alle ore 05:10:17