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Titolo:
SEX-DIFFERENCES AMONG PARTICIPANTS IN A WEIGHT-CONTROL PROGRAM
Autore:
FRENCH SA; JEFFERY RW; WING RR;
Indirizzi:
UNIV MINNESOTA,SCH PUBL HLTH,DIV EPIDEMIOL,1300 S 2ND ST,SUITE 300 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55455 UNIV PITTSBURGH,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT PITTSBURGH PA 15261
Titolo Testata:
Addictive behaviors
fascicolo: 2, volume: 19, anno: 1994,
pagine: 147 - 158
SICI:
0306-4603(1994)19:2<147:SAPIAW>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MINNESOTA HEART SURVEY; DESIRABLE BODY SHAPE; RISK FACTOR SURVEYS; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY; SOCIOECONOMIC-FACTORS; SKINFOLD THICKNESS; GENDER DIFFERENCES; OVERWEIGHT ADULTS; SECULAR TRENDS; COLLEGE ALUMNI;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social Sciences Citation Index
Social Sciences Citation Index
Citazioni:
51
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.A. French et al., "SEX-DIFFERENCES AMONG PARTICIPANTS IN A WEIGHT-CONTROL PROGRAM", Addictive behaviors, 19(2), 1994, pp. 147-158

Abstract

The present study examines whether sex differences in behavioral and psychological variables related to weight control are explained by sexdifferences in weight standards and prior history of dieting. The predictive value of these sex differences for subsequent outcome in a behavioral weight-loss program was also examined. Women (N = 88) reported(a) more dieting behavior (both past and present), (b) leaner standards of desired weight, (c) more knowledge of weight-loss methods and nutrition, and (d) more motivational barriers to weight control than men(N = 98). Men reported (a) more knowledge barriers to weight control,and (b) higher levels of physical activity. Sex differences in motivational barriers, nutrition knowledge, and some of the weight-loss behaviors were eliminated by controlling statistically for weight standards and dieting history. Weight losses at 6, 12, and 18 months were consistently related to only two of the variables discriminating between men and women. Positive eating behaviors, such as eating diet foods andlimiting food quantity, were prospectively related to less weight loss. Stimulus-control eating behaviors, such as eating only in one location, were prospectively related to greater weight loss. Men and women differed little in weight loss success. Since few behavioral and psychological variables were related to weight loss, different emphases in weight-loss treatments for men and women are not clearly indicated.

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Documento generato il 07/07/20 alle ore 06:17:06