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Titolo:
EFFECTS OF EXERCISE TRAINING ON ABSOLUTE AND RELATIVE MEASUREMENTS OFREGIONAL ADIPOSITY
Autore:
HOUMARD JA; MCCULLEY C; ROY LK; BRUNER RK; MCCAMMON MR; ISRAEL RG;
Indirizzi:
E CAROLINA UNIV,HUMAN PERFORMANCE LAB,SPORTS MED BLDG GREENVILLE NC 27858 E CAROLINA UNIV,DEPT MED GREENVILLE NC 27858
Titolo Testata:
International journal of obesity
fascicolo: 4, volume: 18, anno: 1994,
pagine: 243 - 248
SICI:
0307-0565(1994)18:4<243:EOETOA>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BODY-FAT DISTRIBUTION; HIP RATIO; MEN; TISSUE; WAIST; OBESITY;
Keywords:
PLASMA LIPIDS; EXERCISE; REGIONAL ADIPOSITY; WAIST-TO-HIP RATIO; INSULIN SENSITIVITY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J.A. Houmard et al., "EFFECTS OF EXERCISE TRAINING ON ABSOLUTE AND RELATIVE MEASUREMENTS OFREGIONAL ADIPOSITY", International journal of obesity, 18(4), 1994, pp. 243-248

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to determine whether absolute and relative measurements of regional adiposity differ in their responses to exercise intervention and which measures are most predictive of changes in plasma lipids, insulin sensitivity and adiposity. Thirteen middle-aged men (BMI 30.4 +/- 1.5 kg/m(2), age 47.2 +/- 1.5 years, mean+/- s.e.) were examined before and after 14 weeks of endurance-oriented physical activity (3-4 days/week, 30-45 min/day). Significant (P < 0.05) decreases in the absolute measures of chest, waist and hip girths and sagittal diameter were evident. The waist-to-hip ratios (WHR) ofumbilicus/maximal hip and minimal waist/maximal hip decreased significantly (P < 0.05). However, the WHRs of umbilicus/anterior superior iliac spine and umbilicus/greater trochanters did not change due to parallel decreases in and extremity skinfolds decreased significantly (P <0.05); however, trunk/extremity skinfold ratios were virtually unaltered. The training programme significantly (P < 0.05) increased insulinsensitivity (60%) and HDL (8%), and reduced triglyceride (25%) and total cholesterol/HDL (8%). Changes in these variables were related to changes in sagittal diameter and waist girth. These data indicate different responses to physical activity between measurements of regional adiposity, and emphasize the need for considering absolute central girths such as waist circumference and sagittal diameter when assessing fat topography and cardiovascular risk.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/11/20 alle ore 01:38:02