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Titolo:
CANCER INCIDENCE AMONG FIREFIGHTERS IN SEATTLE AND TACOMA, WASHINGTON(UNITED-STATES)
Autore:
DEMERS PA; CHECKOWAY H; VAUGHAN TL; WEISS NS; HEYER NJ; ROSENSTOCK L;
Indirizzi:
UNIV BRITISH COLUMBIA,OCCUPAT HYG PROGRAMME,2206 E MALL,3RD FLOOR VANCOUVER V6T 1Z3 BC CANADA
Titolo Testata:
CCC. Cancer causes & control
fascicolo: 2, volume: 5, anno: 1994,
pagine: 129 - 135
SICI:
0957-5243(1994)5:2<129:CIAFIS>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
CANCER INCIDENCE; COLON CANCER; FIREFIGHTERS; MALES; PROSTATE CANCER; USA;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
NO
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
P.A. Demers et al., "CANCER INCIDENCE AMONG FIREFIGHTERS IN SEATTLE AND TACOMA, WASHINGTON(UNITED-STATES)", CCC. Cancer causes & control, 5(2), 1994, pp. 129-135

Abstract

In order to determine if exposure to carcinogens in fire smoke increases the risk of cancer, we examined the incidence of cancer in a cohort of 2,447 male firefighters in Seattle and Tacoma, (Washington, USA). The study population was followed for 16 years (1974-89) and the incidence of cancer, ascertained using a population-based tumor registry, was compared with local rates and with the incidence among 1,878 policemen from the same cities. The risk of cancer among firefighters was found to be similar to both the police and the general male population for most common sites. An elevated risk of prostate cancer was observed relative to the general population (standardized incidence ratio [SIR] = 1.4, 95 percent confidence interval [CI] = 1.1-1.7) but was less elevated compared with rates in policemen (incidence density ratio [IDR] = 1.1, CI = 0.7-1.8) and was not related to duration of exposure. The risk of colon cancer, although only slightly elevated relative to the general population (SIR = 1.1, CI = 0.7-1.6) and the police (IDR = 1.3, CI = 0.6-3.0), appeared to increase with duration of employment. Although the relationship between firefighting and colon cancer is consistent with some previous studies, it is based on small numbers and may be due to chance. While this study did not find strong evidence foran excess risk of cancer, the presence of carcinogens in the firefighting environment warrants periodic re-evaluation of cancer incidence in this population and the continued use of protective equipment.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 18/09/20 alle ore 19:49:05