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Titolo:
DO NORTH-AMERICAN WOMEN NEED SUPPLEMENTAL VITAMIN-D DURING PREGNANCY OR LACTATION
Autore:
SPECKER BL;
Indirizzi:
UNIV CINCINNATI,MED CTR,DEPT PEDIAT,ML 541,231 BETHESDA AVE CINCINNATI OH 45267
Titolo Testata:
The American journal of clinical nutrition
fascicolo: 2, volume: 59, anno: 1994, supplemento:, S
pagine: 190000484 - 190000491
SICI:
0002-9165(1994)59:2<190000484:DNWNSV>2.0.ZU;2-D
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BREAST-FED INFANTS; CALCIUM-REGULATING HORMONES; BONE-MINERAL CONTENT; HUMAN-MILK; SERUM 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN-D; CUTANEOUS SYNTHESIS; SUNSHINE EXPOSURE; PERINATAL-PERIOD; D DEFICIENCY; RICKETS;
Keywords:
LACTATION; PREGNANCY; VITAMIN-D; CALCIUM;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
52
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
B.L. Specker, "DO NORTH-AMERICAN WOMEN NEED SUPPLEMENTAL VITAMIN-D DURING PREGNANCY OR LACTATION", The American journal of clinical nutrition, 59(2), 1994, pp. 190000484-190000491

Abstract

Studies in European and other countries have shown that vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy may adversely affect fetal growth, bone ossification, tooth enamel formation, and neonatal calcium homeostasis. Whether effects of vitamin D deficiency on pregnant or lactating mothers differ from effects observed in nonpregnant or nonlactating women is not clear. Poor maternal vitamin D status during lactation results in low breast-milk vitamin D. However, human milk usually contains small vitamin D amounts and, under normal circumstances, the sunshine exposure of human-milk-fed infants is the major factor affecting their vitamin D status. Mothers at risk of vitamin D deficiency are those who avoid dairy products, which are routinely vitamin D fortified, and live inmore northern latitudes. Dark-skinned women also are theoretically atrisk of vitamin D deficiency. Sunshine exposure is a major vitamin D source, and given adequate exposure, supplemental vitamin D is not necessary. However, defining adequate sunshine exposure is difficult.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/10/20 alle ore 05:04:41