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Titolo:
CATARACT FORMATION AND CATARACT-EXTRACTION AFTER PENETRATING KERATOPLASTY
Autore:
MARTIN TP; REED JW; LEGAULT C; OBERFELD SM; JACOBY BG; YU DD; DICKENS A; JOHNSON HP;
Indirizzi:
WAKE FOREST UNIV,CTR EYE,MED CTR BLVD WINSTON SALEM NC 27157 WAKE FOREST UNIV,BOWMAN GRAY SCH MED,DEPT OPHTHALMOL WINSTON SALEM NC27103 WAKE FOREST UNIV,BOWMAN GRAY SCH MED,DEPT PUBL HLTH SCI WINSTON SALEMNC 27103
Titolo Testata:
Ophthalmology
fascicolo: 1, volume: 101, anno: 1994,
pagine: 113 - 119
SICI:
0161-6420(1994)101:1<113:CFACAP>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
POSTERIOR SUBCAPSULAR CATARACTS; LENS OPACITIES; TRIPLE PROCEDURE; PREVALENCE; POPULATION; COMPLICATIONS; KERATOCONUS; SURGERY; SUCCESS; NUCLEAR;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
23
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T.P. Martin et al., "CATARACT FORMATION AND CATARACT-EXTRACTION AFTER PENETRATING KERATOPLASTY", Ophthalmology, 101(1), 1994, pp. 113-119

Abstract

Purpose: This retrospective study was done to identify risk factors for cataract formation and cataract extraction after penetrating keratoplasty to determine whether a combined procedure (simultaneous cataract extraction with keratoplasty) or penetrating keratoplasty alone should be performed. Methods: Variables from 342 phakic eyes having undergone penetrating keratoplasties were studied with univariate and multivariate analyses, including diagnosis, race, sex, age, preoperative lens opacities, preoperative vision, and length of follow-up. Results: For cataract formation, age was the only independent risk factor found by multivariate analysis (P = 0.0001). For cataract extraction after penetrating keratoplasty, independent risk factors included age, sex, diagnosis, and preoperative lens opacities (P less than or equal to 0.03). For example, the probability of a 65-year-old patient with Fuchs dystrophy requiring a cataract extraction within 5 years of keratoplastyis 81%. Conclusion: The likelihood of cataract formation and cataractextraction subsequent to penetrating keratoplasty increases greatly after 50 years of age, regardless of the diagnosis leading to the need for keratoplasty. The need for cataract extraction also is increased for female patients, for patients with Fuchs dystrophy, and for those with early preoperative lens opacity.

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Documento generato il 20/09/20 alle ore 19:36:10