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Titolo:
BIOMASS DISTRIBUTION IN VEGETATIVE AND RE PRODUCTIVE-ORGANS OF THE EUROPEAN BEECH (FAGUS-SYLVATICA L), ACCORDING TO CROWN SECTOR AND TREE AGE
Autore:
COMPS B; THIEBAUT B; BARRIERE G; LETOUZEY J;
Indirizzi:
UNIV BORDEAUX 1,DEPT BIOL VEGETAUX LIGNEUX,ECOL GENET LAB,AVE FAC F-33405 TALENCE FRANCE UNIV MONTPELLIER 2,INST BOT F-34000 MONTPELLIER FRANCE CNRS,CTR ECOL FONCTIONNELLE & EVOLUT F-34033 MONTPELLIER FRANCE
Titolo Testata:
Annales des Sciences Forestieres
fascicolo: 1, volume: 51, anno: 1994,
pagine: 11 - 26
SICI:
0003-4312(1994)51:1<11:BDIVAR>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
FRE
Soggetto:
NUTRIENT ALLOCATION; WINTER ANNUALS; MOJAVE DESERT; GROWTH; SHOOTS; LEAVES; PLANTS;
Keywords:
RESOURCE ALLOCATION; ANNUAL SHOOT; CROWN SECTOR; TREE AGE; FAGUS-SYLVATICA;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
56
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
B. Comps et al., "BIOMASS DISTRIBUTION IN VEGETATIVE AND RE PRODUCTIVE-ORGANS OF THE EUROPEAN BEECH (FAGUS-SYLVATICA L), ACCORDING TO CROWN SECTOR AND TREE AGE", Annales des Sciences Forestieres, 51(1), 1994, pp. 11-26

Abstract

Resource allocation in plants can be estimated to study biomass distribution in the various organs during an annual vegetative cycle. Fourteen beech trees were chosen on the Aigoual mountain (Cevennes, France,44-degrees 20'N, 3-degrees 60'E, alt 1 400 m): 8 were very old trees (150 yr), and 6 were vigorous adult trees (100 yr old). The tree crownwas divided into upper and lower sectors. Beech produces long (L) andshort (C) annual shoots, which are vegetative (V) or both vegetative and floriferous. Shoots of each type located on first-order axes in the ramification were analysed to describe the distribution of dry matter among various vegetative and reproductive functions. In each tree, 40 terminal buds were chosen at random: 20 on the upper part of the crown and 20 on the lower sector; approximately half seemed floriferous. During April these buds were enclosed in situ in gauze bags permeable to pollen and light. The 640 shoots produced from these buds were collected during the following November; of these only 524 were in good condition and were analysed. After desiccation, shoot length (V2L) was measured and shoot organs were weighed. leaves and stipules (V1), axes (V2P), buds (V3), female production (R1) and male inflorescences (R2). Development strategies vary according to tree age, tree sector and shoot type. Vegetative functions are favoured in long shoots of the youngest trees particularly in the upper sector (except V1). In short shoots, biomass is also more important in the upper crown sector. There was no biomass difference in hermaphrodite shoots according to the sector. But the age effect is considerable: female acquisitions are much greater in old trees (p < 0.001), whereas male acquisitions tend to be alittle lower (p < 0.05). There are great differences in vegetative biomass according to shoot type, but, in hermaphrodite shoots there are few differences in reproductive functions according to age and sector. Biomass allocation (% of the shoot biomass) is often different according to tree age: (i) female allocation in hermaphrodite shoots is muchgreater in the oldest trees, whereas it is the opposite for vegetative functions, and (ii) vegetative long-shoot allocation is greatest forthe V1 function in old trees, whereas vegetative short shoot allocation is very high for the V1 function whatever the age (this confirms their essential role in exploiting the environment). There are significant positive biomass correlations in vegetative functions, above all inlong shoots. Concerning biomass allocations, correlations among vegetative functions vary according to age and shoot type. Generally, thereis a negative correlation between female allocation and the various vegetative allocations. All these results show. (i) a partial development of each shoot type, (ii) a synergy between vegetative functions in hermaphrodite shoots (biomass and allocations), whereas a strong competition appears for allocations principally between female and vegetative functions, and (iii) a tree age effect: in 100 yr-old trees, vegetative development is still very important, principally at the upper part of the crown. In very old trees, vegetative development tends to become stable and female function is preponderant

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/11/20 alle ore 13:50:04