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Titolo:
EFFECT OF EXERCISE ON VALVULAR RESISTANCE IN PATIENTS WITH MITRAL-STENOSIS
Autore:
VOELKER W; BERNER A; REGELE B; SCHMID M; DITTMANN H; STOTZER T; HAASE KK; BAUMBACH A; KARSCH KR;
Indirizzi:
UNIV TUBINGEN,DEPT CARDIOL,OTFRIED MULLER STR 10 W-7400 TUBINGEN 1 GERMANY
Titolo Testata:
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
fascicolo: 3, volume: 22, anno: 1993,
pagine: 777 - 782
SICI:
0735-1097(1993)22:3<777:EOEOVR>2.0.ZU;2-K
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PRESSURE HALF-TIME; VALVE AREA; ORIFICE AREA; DOPPLER ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY; AORTIC-STENOSIS; GORLIN FORMULA; ULTRASOUND; FLOW; GRADIENT; INVITRO;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
23
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
W. Voelker et al., "EFFECT OF EXERCISE ON VALVULAR RESISTANCE IN PATIENTS WITH MITRAL-STENOSIS", Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 22(3), 1993, pp. 777-782

Abstract

Objectives. This exercise study assessed the relation between valvular resistance and flow in patients with mitral stenosis. Background. Valvular resistance has been proposed as an alternative measure of stenotic valvular lesions, which is speculated to remain stable under changing hemodynamic conditions. Methods. In 35 of 40 patients with pure orpredominant mitral stenosis, continuous wave Doppler measurements of the mitral stenotic jet were possible at rest and during supine bicycle ergometry. Simultaneously, transvalvular flow was assessed by thermodilution technique. For calculation of valvular resistance, the mean mitral valve pressure gradient was determined according to the simplified Bernoulli equation and divided by transvalvular flow. Additionally,effective mitral valve area was calculated according to the continuity equation method, dividing flow by the mean diastolic flow velocity. Results. Valvular resistance was 65 +/- 32 dynes.s.cm-5 at rest and increased to 82 +/- 43 dynes.s.cm-5 at 25 W (p < 0.001). The most prominent increase in valvular resistance (rest to 25 W 63 +/- 28 to 95 +/- 48 dynes.s.cm-5, p < 0.001) was found in those patients who had no or only a moderate (<20%) change in effective mitral valve area. In contrast, valvular resistance remained constant (67 +/- 36 vs. 70 +/- 32 dynes.s.cm-5) in patients with a significant (greater-than-or-equal-to 20%) increase in mitral valve area with exercise. Conclusions. In patients with mitral stenosis, the exercise-induced changes in valvular resistance are heterogeneous. This is the result of the variable responseof mitral valve area to an increase in flow. In the individual patient, mitral valve area can significantly increase, a factor that has to be taken into account when interpreting the hemodynamic relevance of the obstruction. Calculated valvular resistance is flow dependent and has no advantage over valve area calculations for quantifying mitral stenosis.

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Documento generato il 24/09/20 alle ore 01:24:02