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Titolo:
EMPIRICAL CRITERIA FOR TASK SUSCEPTIBILITY TO INTROSPECTIVE AWARENESSAND AWARENESS EFFECTS
Autore:
RAKOVER S;
Indirizzi:
UNIV HAIFA HAIFA ISRAEL
Titolo Testata:
Philosophical psychology
fascicolo: 4, volume: 6, anno: 1993,
pagine: 451 - 467
SICI:
0951-5089(1993)6:4<451:ECFTST>2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COMPLEX PROCEDURAL KNOWLEDGE; INTERACTIVE TASKS; TACIT KNOWLEDGE; IMPLICIT; ABSTRACTION; JUDGMENT; MEMORY; INFORMATION; ACQUISITION; CANNOT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social Sciences Citation Index
Social Sciences Citation Index
Citazioni:
56
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S. Rakover, "EMPIRICAL CRITERIA FOR TASK SUSCEPTIBILITY TO INTROSPECTIVE AWARENESSAND AWARENESS EFFECTS", Philosophical psychology, 6(4), 1993, pp. 451-467

Abstract

A proposed empirical criterion for task susceptibility to introspective awareness distinguishes cognitive processes of which one cannot be aware from those of which one can be aware. The empirical criterion for task susceptibility to awareness effects proposes that there are tasks which cannot be affected by awareness of the rules constituting thetasks. These criteria were applied to research programmes in rule-learning in which past studies in the area of learning without awareness were included as well as current research in implicit learning. The principal question addressed in these studies is whether or not rule-learning can occur without awareness. An historical review showed that rule-learning occurred in tasks which were both susceptible and insusceptible to introspective awareness and to awareness effects. Accordingly, it has been proposed that rather than attempt to decide theoretically and empirically between the opposing hypotheses-that of ''cognitive learning'' on the one hand, which assumes that awareness is a necessary condition for rule-learning, and that of ''automatic learning'' on the other, which assumes direct, automatic and unconscious processes-efforts should rather be directed toward developing a theoretical approach which is based on both conscious and unconscious processes. However, an approach of this kind encounters severe problems, such as the generation of contradictory predictions, which result from the employmentof several incongruent and irreconcilable models of explanation. The criteria for task susceptibility offer a way out of these difficulties.

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Documento generato il 20/09/20 alle ore 20:21:04