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Titolo:
LEAF CARBOHYDRATE STATUS IN LOLIUM-TEMULENTUM DURING THE INDUCTION OFFLOWERING
Autore:
PERILLEUX C; BERNIER G;
Indirizzi:
UNIV LIEGE,DEPT BOT,LAB PLANT PHYSIOL,B22 SART TILMAN B-4000 LIEGE BELGIUM
Titolo Testata:
New phytologist
fascicolo: 1, volume: 135, anno: 1997,
pagine: 59 - 66
SICI:
0028-646X(1997)135:1<59:LCSILD>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PLANT SINAPIS-ALBA; FRUCTAN BIOSYNTHESIS; SUCROSE ACCUMULATION; FLORAL TRANSITION; EXCISED LEAVES; SHOOT APEX; STARCH; INITIATION; EVOCATION; EXUDATE;
Keywords:
LOLIUM TEMULENTUM; FLOWERING (INDUCTION); CARBOHYDRATES; LEAF EXUDATE; LEAF BLADE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
34
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
C. Perilleux e G. Bernier, "LEAF CARBOHYDRATE STATUS IN LOLIUM-TEMULENTUM DURING THE INDUCTION OFFLOWERING", New phytologist, 135(1), 1997, pp. 59-66

Abstract

Unifoliated plants of Lolium temulentum L. cv. Ceres, a qualitative long-day grass, were induced to flower by one 24-h long day (LD) or by one 8-h short day (SD) advanced by 12 h in the normal regime, so-called 'displaced short day' (DSD). Standard light for SD and DSD was a mixture of fluorescence and incandescence at 400 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) whereas the extension period of the 24-h LD was solely incandescence at 10-15 mu mol m(-2) s(-1). The DSD system first characterized by the timings of floral induction, stimulus translocation and apical development. Carbohydrates in the blade tissues and in leaf exudate were analysed comparatively in vegetative and induced plants. Fructans were not detected in the leaf tissues whereas sucrose and starch were found to be present in similar amounts. In SD, their contents exhibited a diurnal fluctuation and were not in large excess. The common change observed during the two inductive treatments was that starch remained at a high level during the LD extension, even though the lighting was unsuitable for photosynthesis, and increased transiently in DSD. Sucrose was the major sugar contained in the leaf exudate. Its content increased when flowering was induced, but not at the same time in the two systems. InLD, sucrose exudation rose when plants were returned to standard light after the inductive cycle, i.e. after the LD stimulus had left the leaf blade. By contrast, during the DSD, sucrose was transported at thesame time as the floral stimulus. Results are discussed together withthe methods used to time stimulus translocation and their implications.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/11/20 alle ore 12:08:05