Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
SYMPTOM AND PERSONALITY PROFILES OF YOUNG-ADULTS FROM A COLLEGE-STUDENT POPULATION WITH SELF-REPORTED ILLNESS FROM FOODS AND CHEMICALS
Autore:
BELL IR; SCHWARTZ GE; PETERSON JM; AMEND D;
Indirizzi:
UNIV ARIZONA,ARIZONA HLTH SCI CTR,DEPT PSYCHIAT,1501 N CAMPBELL AVE TUCSON AZ 85724 UNIV ARIZONA,DEPT PSYCHOL TUCSON AZ 85721
Titolo Testata:
Journal of the American College of Nutrition
fascicolo: 6, volume: 12, anno: 1993,
pagine: 693 - 702
SICI:
0731-5724(1993)12:6<693:SAPPOY>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
OLIGOANTIGENIC DIET TREATMENT; ORGANIC-SOLVENT EXPOSURE; IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME; ENVIRONMENTAL ILLNESS; BEHAVIORAL SENSITIZATION; PSYCHOLOGICAL-FACTORS; CONTROLLED TRIAL; SHYNESS; STRESS; SENSITIVITY;
Keywords:
FOOD SENSITIVITY; CHEMICAL SENSITIVITY; CACOSMIA; DEPRESSION; ANXIETY; SHYNESS; DEFENSIVENESS; IRRITABLE BOWEL; OPIOID; OLFACTORY; VENTROMEDIAL HYPOTHALAMUS; TIME-DEPENDENT SENSITIZATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
77
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
I.R. Bell et al., "SYMPTOM AND PERSONALITY PROFILES OF YOUNG-ADULTS FROM A COLLEGE-STUDENT POPULATION WITH SELF-REPORTED ILLNESS FROM FOODS AND CHEMICALS", Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 12(6), 1993, pp. 693-702

Abstract

Despite much debate over a presumptively somatic vs psychological etiology of nonatopic food and chemical sensitivities, little systematic research has addressed the issues. The present study investigated self-reported illness from several common foods (wheat, dairy, eggs) and chemicals (pesticide, car exhaust, paint, perfume, new carpet), symptompatterns, and psychological profiles of a sample of young adult college students (n = 490, age 19.4 +/- 2.4, 52% female/48% male). Subjectswere divided into 4 groups on the basis of sample medians for frequency of illness from the foods (FI) and chemicals (CI): high FI with high CI (FI/CI), high FI alone, high CI alone, and NOILL (low FI and CI). FI was associated with more defensiveness (denial of negativity) while CI was linked with more shyness (avoidance of novelty). Women outnumbered men in all groups (FI/CI: 61%; FI: 80% ; CI: 55%) except the NOILL (40% women). Nevertheless, the FI/CI, FI, and/or CI groups still had significantly higher total symptom scores as well as more indigestion, headache, and memory trouble than did the NOILL group, even after depression, anxiety, shyness, defensiveness, and gender were covaried. The illness groups reported significantly more limitation of foods that mobilize endogenous opioids or generate exogenous opioids (sweets, fats, bread) as well as more illness from opiate drugs, small amounts of beverage alcohol, and late meals. Nasal symptoms from pollens or animals were more common in the FI/CI (42%) and CI (42%) than in FI (26%)or NOILL (28%) groups. Premenstrual tension syndrome and irritable bowel were also more common in the FI/CI group. The findings indicate that young adults outside the clinical setting who are relatively higherin FI and/or CI have distinctive symptom and psychological patterns. Covariate analyses suggest that important symptoms in FI and CI individuals such as indigestion, headache, and memory problems may occur in addition to rather than as simply part of emotional distress. The dataare consistent with a previously hypothesized role of olfactory-limbic and hypothalamic pathways and with a time-dependent sensitization model for illness from foods and chemicals.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/01/21 alle ore 02:19:46