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Titolo:
ISOLATION OF MYCOBACTERIUM-AVIUM COMPLEX FROM WATER IN THE UNITED-STATES, FINLAND, ZAIRE, AND KENYA
Autore:
VONREYN CF; WADDELL RD; EATON T; ARBEIT RD; MASLOW JN; BARBER TW; BRINDLE RJ; GILKS CF; LUMIO J; LAHDEVIRTA J; RANKI A; DAWSON D; FALKINHAM JO;
Indirizzi:
DARTMOUTH COLL,HITCHCOCK MED CTR,INFECT DIS SECT HANOVER NH 03756 BOSTON VET AFFAIRS MED CTR,RES SERV BOSTON MA 02130 KENYA GOVT MED RES CTR NAIROBI KENYA VIRGINIA POLYTECH INST & STATE UNIV,DEPT BIOL BLACKSBURG VA 24061 QUEENSLAND DEPT HLTH,STATE HLTH LAB BRISBANE QLD AUSTRALIA UNIV HELSINKI,CENT HOSP,DEPT DERMATOL SF-00100 HELSINKI 10 FINLAND BOSTON CITY HOSP,DIV INFECT DIS BOSTON MA 02118 UNIV TAMPERE SF-33101 TAMPERE 10 FINLAND AURORA HOSP SF-00250 HELSINKI FINLAND
Titolo Testata:
Journal of clinical microbiology
fascicolo: 12, volume: 31, anno: 1993,
pagine: 3227 - 3230
SICI:
0095-1137(1993)31:12<3227:IOMCFW>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NONTUBERCULOUS MYCOBACTERIA; INFECTION; INTRACELLULARE; EPIDEMIOLOGY; AIDS; SCROFULACEUM; OUTBREAK; DISEASE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
25
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
C.F. Vonreyn et al., "ISOLATION OF MYCOBACTERIUM-AVIUM COMPLEX FROM WATER IN THE UNITED-STATES, FINLAND, ZAIRE, AND KENYA", Journal of clinical microbiology, 31(12), 1993, pp. 3227-3230

Abstract

Disseminated infection with organisms of the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is a common complication of AIDS in the United States and other developing countries, but it is rare or absent in sub-Saharan Africa. To assess the comparative likelihood of exposure to MAC in these geographic areas, we used a standard protocol to culture 91 water samples from environmental sites and piped water supply systems in the United States, Finland, Zaire, and Kenya. MAC was isolated from all geographic areas and from 22 of 91 (24%) samples. Isolation rates were 13 of47 (28%) for environmental samples and 9 of 44 (20%) for water supplysamples. Overall isolation rates were 18 of 52 (35%) samples in the United States and Finland, whereas they were 4 of 39 (10%) samples in Zaire and Kenya (P = 0.015). MAC isolation rates from water supply systems were 9 of 25 (32%) samples in the United States and Finland and 1 of 19 (5%) samples in Zaire and Kenya (P = 0.056). MAC was isolated from hospital water in the United States and Finland but not in hospitalwater in Zaire and Kenya. Serovar determinations showed that six of eight isolates from the United States were serovar 4 or 8. One MAC isolate from Zaire was identified as an ''X'' mycobacterium. These data suggest that exposure to MAC in water is likely in diverse areas of the world, but that the likelihood of human exposure to the organism in water may be slightly less in sub-Saharan Africa than in developed countries in the Northern Hemisphere.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 12:15:35