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Titolo:
PHYSICAL-ENVIRONMENT AND SITE CHOICE IN SOUTH-AFRICA
Autore:
AVERY DM;
Indirizzi:
S AFRICAN MUSEUM,POB 61 CAPE TOWN SOUTH AFRICA
Titolo Testata:
Journal of archaeological science
fascicolo: 3, volume: 22, anno: 1995,
pagine: 343 - 353
SICI:
0305-4403(1995)22:3<343:PASCIS>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
KLASIES RIVER MOUTH; EARLY-MODERN HUMANS; STONE-AGE SOUTH; BORDER CAVE; CAPE PROVINCE; LIMPOPO RIVER; MICROMAMMALS; KWAZULU;
Keywords:
ENVIRONMENT; DISTRIBUTION; HUMANS; SHEEP; SITE CHOICE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Arts & Humanities Citation Index
Citazioni:
70
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.M. Avery, "PHYSICAL-ENVIRONMENT AND SITE CHOICE IN SOUTH-AFRICA", Journal of archaeological science, 22(3), 1995, pp. 343-353

Abstract

Physical environmental factors (effectively climate and, through it, food supply) influence the distribution of humanity as they do that ofother species, although the human response is mediated through technology and cognition. It is clear that these factors will have greater importance in marginal habitats, however great the level of technology. The latter merely has the effect of allowing penetration into regionsuninhabitable without suitable artificial support; it does not removethe influence of adverse conditions. Given that much of South Africa suffers from a chronic shortage of water it is of particular relevanceto examine the role of physical environmental conditions in human behaviour and settlement patterns. It is suggested that the circumstancessurrounding initial occupation and subsequent abandonment of archaeological sites may well be especially instructive for understanding the role of environment in human decision-making. Three case studies illustrate the potential of this line of investigation for shedding light on matters as diverse as the arrival of early modern humans in South Africa some 150,000 years ago, the introduction of sheep about 2000 years ago and the penetration of the first European stock-herders into theinterior around 300 years ago.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/11/20 alle ore 17:57:02