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Titolo:
THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CHILDHOOD IRRITABILITY AND LIABILITY TO SUBSTANCE USE IN EARLY ADOLESCENCE - A 2-YEAR FOLLOW-UP-STUDY OF BOYS AT RISK FOR SUBSTANCE-ABUSE
Autore:
TARTER RE; BLACKSON T; BRIGHAM J; MOSS H; CAPRARA GV;
Indirizzi:
UNIV PITTSBURGH,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT,CTR EDUC & DRUG ABUSE RES,3811 OHARA ST PITTSBURGH PA 15213 UNIV ROME,DEPT PSYCHOL I-00185 ROME ITALY
Titolo Testata:
Drug and alcohol dependence
fascicolo: 3, volume: 39, anno: 1995,
pagine: 253 - 261
SICI:
0376-8716(1995)39:3<253:TABCIA>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PARENTAL ALCOHOLISM; ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR; TRANSMISSION; DEPRESSION; CHILDREN; SYMPTOMS; STRESS;
Keywords:
DRUG ABUSE; ETIOLOGY; EVENT RELATED POTENTIAL; FAMILY; DYSFUNCTION; CHILD DEVELOPMENT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
47
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R.E. Tarter et al., "THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CHILDHOOD IRRITABILITY AND LIABILITY TO SUBSTANCE USE IN EARLY ADOLESCENCE - A 2-YEAR FOLLOW-UP-STUDY OF BOYS AT RISK FOR SUBSTANCE-ABUSE", Drug and alcohol dependence, 39(3), 1995, pp. 253-261

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to determine whether irritability, defined as the propensity to experience and express anger following actual or perceived provocation, is a component of the liability to alcohol and drug abuse. Sons of substance abusing fathers (n = 40) and normal fathers (n = 56) were studied when they were 10-12 years of age and followed-up 2 years later. Hierarchical regression analysis revealedthat resting salivary cortisol concentration, impulsivity and family discord measured when the subjects were 10-12 years of age explained 35% of the variance on a scale measuring irritability 2 years later. Atfollow-up, when the boys were 12-14 years of age, it was observed that irritability scale scores and family discord were the only variablesthat accounted for significant variance on a scale measuring coping via alcohol and drug use. Latency and amplitude of the N1 and P3 event-related potentials of an auditory oddball task, measured at age 10-12,were not associated with drug use at age 12-14. These results indicate that family dysfunction, stress state of the child, and low behavioral self-control additively account for a significant proportion of variance on irritability scale scores 2 years later, and that this trait,in conjunction with family discord, is associated with substance use as a coping response by early adolescence.

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Documento generato il 16/01/21 alle ore 08:17:25