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Titolo:
EFFECTS OF CONTROL AND OF ATTENTIONAL INSTRUCTIONS ON AROUSAL AND FEAR DURING EXPOSURE TO PHOBIA-CUE STIMULI
Autore:
MCGLYNN FD; ROSE MP; JACOBSON N;
Indirizzi:
AUBURN UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL,THACH HALL AUBURN AL 36849
Titolo Testata:
Journal of anxiety disorders
fascicolo: 6, volume: 9, anno: 1995,
pagine: 451 - 461
SICI:
0887-6185(1995)9:6<451:EOCAOA>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PERSONAL CONTROL; INVIVO EXPOSURE; COPING STYLE; DISTRACTION; REPLICATION; AVOIDANCE; STRESS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
31
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
F.D. Mcglynn et al., "EFFECTS OF CONTROL AND OF ATTENTIONAL INSTRUCTIONS ON AROUSAL AND FEAR DURING EXPOSURE TO PHOBIA-CUE STIMULI", Journal of anxiety disorders, 9(6), 1995, pp. 451-461

Abstract

Heart rates and skin-conductance levels were recorded among 16 snake-fearful subjects who were exposed in yoked pairs to an approaching snake during eight 2-min trials. Retrospective ratings of fear were acquired from the 16 subjects after each of the eight exposure trials. Control over the distance between the subjects and the approaching snake alternated between paired subjects on successive trials. On different trials both subjects were instructed either to attend closely to features of the snake or to attend closely to their bodily fear reactions. The variable of self- versus partner control over presentation of the snake had no influence on the various measures of arousal/fear. Instructions to attend closely to the characteristics of the snake produced marginally higher skin conductance during exposure and higher retrospective reports of fear after exposure in contrast to instructions to attend to one's bodily reactions. Earlier findings of relatively high fear/arousal associated with self-control in this experimental preparation were not replicated; those findings might have been produced by an attention-activity confound. Earlier findings of relatively high fear/arousal following instructions to attend closely to feared stimuli werereplicated for the third time, albeit not impressively.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 14/08/20 alle ore 07:58:29