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Titolo:
METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEMS IN EVALUATION OF SOCIAL REFORMS - EXEMPLIFIEDBY DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION OF THE MENTALLY-RETARDED IN NORWAY
Autore:
JENSSEN T;
Indirizzi:
UNIV OSLO,DEPT PSYCHOL,POB 1094 BLINDEM N-0317 OSLO NORWAY
Titolo Testata:
The Psychological record
fascicolo: 4, volume: 45, anno: 1995,
pagine: 535 - 563
SICI:
0033-2933(1995)45:4<535:MPIEOS>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ADAPTIVE-BEHAVIOR; RESIDENTIAL ALTERNATIVES; AUTISTIC-CHILDREN; GROUP HOMES; COMMUNITY; ADULTS; RETARDATION; NORMALIZATION; STAFF; INDIVIDUALS;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
101
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T. Jenssen, "METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEMS IN EVALUATION OF SOCIAL REFORMS - EXEMPLIFIEDBY DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION OF THE MENTALLY-RETARDED IN NORWAY", The Psychological record, 45(4), 1995, pp. 535-563

Abstract

In Norway, the legislature enacted a deinstitutionalization reform for the mentally retarded, based on ''the Normalization Principle,'' in 1988. The administrative responsibility for services was decentralizedfrom county authorities to the boroughs by 1991, and the institutional system will be closed by 1995. Evaluation of social reforms has inherent methodological problems: (1) How to measure psychological concepts, for example, ''quality of life'' in subjects with inadequate language? Can one rely on interviews, that is, verbal reports from clients-or staff concerning their clients, in assessing quality of life? (2) What to evaluate, that is, what constitutes the reform (the independent variables)? Dependent variables should be at the individual level. (3)How to evaluate? A combination of formative and summative evaluation with direct and/or indirect measures in a quasi-experimental pre-post design seems necessary. Which threats to validity must be addressed? There are changes in baseline over time, that is, the level of retardation changes in the institutionalized population. Also, the mentally retarded seem especially susceptible to demand characteristics. Low control over interventions give pragmatic, non-ideal solutions, but nevertheless, it has been possible to show some effects. In this case, reduced adaptive skills, maintained maladaptive behavior, and a striking noncorrelation between staff interview data and the corresponding observations of client behaviors.

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Documento generato il 22/09/20 alle ore 17:26:08