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Titolo:
SALIVARY CORTISOL RESPONSES AND THE RISK FOR SUBSTANCE-ABUSE IN PREPUBERTAL BOYS
Autore:
MOSS HB; VANYUKOV MM; MARTIN CS;
Indirizzi:
UNIV PITTSBURGH,SCH MED,WESTERN PSYCHIAT INST & CLIN,CTR EDUC & DRUG ABUSE RES,3811 OHARA ST PITTSBURGH PA 15213
Titolo Testata:
Biological psychiatry
fascicolo: 8, volume: 38, anno: 1995,
pagine: 547 - 555
SICI:
0006-3223(1995)38:8<547:SCRATR>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PSYCHIATRIC-DIAGNOSIS; ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR; HYPERACTIVE BOYS; DRUG-ABUSE; CHILDREN; DISORDERS; INHIBITION; SECRETION;
Keywords:
PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER; SALIVARY CORTISOL RESPONSES;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
62
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
H.B. Moss et al., "SALIVARY CORTISOL RESPONSES AND THE RISK FOR SUBSTANCE-ABUSE IN PREPUBERTAL BOYS", Biological psychiatry, 38(8), 1995, pp. 547-555

Abstract

Investigations of adults with a psychoactive substance use disorder (PSUD) or antisocial behavior have reported diminished secretion of theadrenal ''stress'' hormone, cortisol. Consequently, we determined whether prepubertal sons of PSUD fathers, at high risk for later PSUD, differed from controls on salivary cortisol concentrations before, and after, an anticipated stressor. The roles of problematic behavioral disposition and state anxiety in the cortisol responses were also examined. A significant risk-group x time interaction for salivary cortisol concentrations was found, with high-risk boys secreting less salivary cortisol than controls when anticipating the task. High-risk boys also had significantly higher scores for aggressive delinquency and impulsivity that wholly accounted for the risk-group x time effect on salivary cortisol. Thus, cortisol hyporesponsivity was associated with the dysregulated behaviors prevalent among high-risk boys. The results suggest that cortisol hyporesponsivity could be a ''marker'' for later antisociality and PSUD.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 18/01/20 alle ore 11:18:16