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Titolo:
RHYTHMICAL BURSTS INDUCED BY NMDA IN GUINEA-PIG CHOLINERGIC NUCLEUS BASALIS NEURONS IN-VITRO
Autore:
KHATEB A; FORT P; SERAFIN M; JONES BE; MUHLETHALER M;
Indirizzi:
CMU,DEPT PHYSIOL,1 RUE MICHEL SERVET CH-1211 GENEVA 4 SWITZERLAND CMU,DEPT PHYSIOL CH-1211 GENEVA 4 SWITZERLAND MCGILL UNIV,MONTREAL NEUROL INST,DEPT NEUROL & NEUROSURG MONTREAL PQ H3A 2B4 CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Journal of physiology
fascicolo: 3, volume: 487, anno: 1995,
pagine: 623 - 638
SICI:
0022-3751(1995)487:3<623:RBIBNI>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
METHYL-D-ASPARTATE; CAT THALAMOCORTICAL CELLS; EXCITATORY AMINO-ACIDS; RECEPTOR ACTIVATION; FOREBRAIN NEURONS; CEREBRAL-CORTEX; BRAIN-STEM; ADULT-RAT; OSCILLATIONS; CHANNELS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
45
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
A. Khateb et al., "RHYTHMICAL BURSTS INDUCED BY NMDA IN GUINEA-PIG CHOLINERGIC NUCLEUS BASALIS NEURONS IN-VITRO", Journal of physiology, 487(3), 1995, pp. 623-638

Abstract

1. Intracellular recordings were performed in neurones within the basal forebrain of guinea-pig brain slices. Following injection of biocytin (or biotinamide), a subset of recorded neurones which displayed distinct intrinsic membrane properties were confirmed as being cholinergic by immuno-histochemical staining for choline acetyltransferase (ChAT). They were all located within the nucleus basalis magnocellularis. The response of the cholinergic cells to NMDA and to the agonists of the other glutamate receptors was tested by bath application of NMDA, t-ACPD, AMPA and kainate. 2. When depolarized from a hyperpolarized level, cholinergic basalis neurones display the intrinsic ability to discharge in rhythmic bursts that are generated by low-threshold Ca2+ spikes. In control solution, these rhythmic bursts were not sustained for more than 5-6 cycles. However, in the presence of NMDA when the membrane was held at it hyperpolarized level, low-threshold bursting activitywas sustained for prolonged periods of time. This activity could be reversibly eliminated by D(-)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (D-AP5), showing that it depended upon specific activation of NMDA receptors.3. NMDA-induced, voltage-dependent, rhythmic depolarizations persisted in the presence of tetrodo-toxin (TTX), indicating that they did notdepend upon a TTX-sensitive Na+ current and were generated postsynaptically. The rhythmic depolarizations mere, however, eliminated by tilepar tial replacement of of Na+ with choline, demonstrating that they did depend upon Na+, the major carrier of the NMDA current. 4. In the presence of TTX, the NMDA-induced rhythmic depolarizations were also eliminated by removal of Ca2+ from or addition of Ni2+ to the bath, indicating that they also depended upon Ca2+, which is carried by both the NMDA current and the low-threshold Ca2+ current. The duration of therhythmic depolarizations was increased in the presence of apamin, suggesting that the repolarization of the cells depended in part upon a Ca2+ activated K+ (SK) conductance, but that other mechanisms were additionally involved in the repolarization phase of the bursting. 5. In both the absence and presence of TTX, the NMDA-induced rhythmic activity persisted when Mg2+ was removed from the medium, indicating that thesustained rhythmic depolarizations did not hinge upon the Mg2+ block of the NMDA channels during hyperpolarization. The voltage dependence of the NMDA-induced rhythmic depolarizations in the absence of Mg2+ appeared to be determined by the properties of the low-threshold Ca2+ spike in the cholinergic basalis neurones. 6. These in vitro results show that activation of NMDA channels excites cholinergic basalis neurones and mag drive them into tonic firing if allowed to depolarize fully or maintain them in a rhythmic bursting mode if they are simultaneously held at a hyperpolarized level from which intrinsic lon thr threshold Ca2+ spikes are triggered. Assuming the presence of contingent hyperpolarizing afferent input, these data suggest that brainstem and cortical afferents that release glutamate could stimulate rhythmic burstingsia NMDA receptors in the cholinergic cells ill vivo. Such rhythmic oscillations in the basalis neurones would provide a rhythmic modulation to target neurones within the cerebral cortex and thereby potentially promote slow oscillations within a delta or theta frequency range incortical activity across the sleep-waking cycle.

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Documento generato il 07/07/20 alle ore 21:49:16