Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
CLONING AND FUNCTIONAL-CHARACTERIZATION OF EXTRACELLULAR CA2-SENSING RECEPTORS FROM PARATHYROID AND KIDNEY()
Autore:
BROWN EM; POLLAK M; CHOU YH; SEIDMAN CE; SEIDMAN JG; HERBERT SC;
Indirizzi:
BRIGHAM & WOMENS HOSP,DEPT MED,DIV ENDOCRINE HYPERTENS,221 LONGWOOD AVE BOSTON MA 02115 BRIGHAM & WOMENS HOSP,DEPT MED,DIV RENAL BOSTON MA 02115 HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED,HOWARD HUGHES MED INST,DEPT GENET BOSTON MA 02115 BRIGHAM & WOMENS HOSP,DEPT MED,DIV CARDIOL BOSTON MA 02115
Titolo Testata:
Bone
fascicolo: 2, volume: 17, anno: 1995, supplemento:, S
pagine: 7 - 11
SICI:
8756-3282(1995)17:2<7:CAFOEC>2.0.ZU;2-M
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GLUTAMATE RECEPTORS; CELLS; HORMONE; CA2+; ACID;
Keywords:
PARATHYROID GLAND; KIDNEY; CA2+-SENSING; CA2+ SENSING RECEPTORS; FAMILIAL HYPOCALCIURIC HYPERCALCEMIA; NEONATAL SEVERE HYPERPARATHYROIDISM;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
E.M. Brown et al., "CLONING AND FUNCTIONAL-CHARACTERIZATION OF EXTRACELLULAR CA2-SENSING RECEPTORS FROM PARATHYROID AND KIDNEY()", Bone, 17(2), 1995, pp. 7-11

Abstract

Parathyroid cells recognize and respond to (i,e,, ''sense'') minute perturbations in the extracellular ionized calcium concentration (Ca-o(2+)), but the mechanisms underlying this process have remained obscure, Recently, we employed expression cloning in Xenopus laevis oocytes to isolate a cDNA coding for a Ca-o(2+)-sensing receptor from bovine parathyroid, Like the native receptor, the cloned Ca-o(2+)-sensing receptor stimulates phospholipase C (PLC) in a G-protein-dependent manner with a nearly identical pharmacological profile. Its deduced amino acidsequence confirms that it is a member of the superfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPR), Transcripts for the receptor are expressed in parathyroid and other tissues that sense Ca-o(2+) (viz,, kidney and thyroidal C-cells) as well as those that have no known role in extracellular Ca(2+)homeostasis, such as the brain, The availability of the cDNA clone for the Ca-o(2+)-sensing receptor made it possible to test the hypothesis that mutations in the gene encoding the human homolog ofthe receptor cause inherited disorders of mineral ion metabolism, Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) and neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism (NSHPT) are, in fact, caused by mutations that reduce the activity of the receptor when they are present in the heterozygous and homozygous states, respectively, In contrast, we have subsequently discovered a family in which a form of autosomal dominant hypocalcemia results from an activating mutation in the receptor gene, The Ca-o(2+)-sensing receptor, therefore, permits Ca-o(2+) to play a ''hormonelike'' role as an extracellular first messenger in addition to its well described role as an important intracellular second messenger.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 05:06:46