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Titolo:
CHOOSING CATEGORY OR COMPLEMENTARY RELATIONS - PRIOR TENDENCIES MODULATE INSTRUCTIONAL-EFFECTS
Autore:
SKWARCHUK SL; CLARK JM;
Indirizzi:
UNIV WATERLOO,DEPT PSYCHOL WATERLOO ON N2L 3G1 CANADA UNIV WINNIPEG,DEPT PSYCHOL WINNIPEG MB R3B 2E9 CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Canadian journal of experimental psychology
fascicolo: 4, volume: 50, anno: 1996,
pagine: 356 - 370
SICI:
1196-1961(1996)50:4<356:CCOCR->2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
LEXICAL DECISION TASK; TAXONOMIC RELATIONS; WORD RECOGNITION; FREE-RECALL; CONCEPTUAL ORGANIZATION; DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGES; SPREADING ACTIVATION; YOUNG-CHILDREN; MEMORY; ASSOCIATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
93
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.L. Skwarchuk e J.M. Clark, "CHOOSING CATEGORY OR COMPLEMENTARY RELATIONS - PRIOR TENDENCIES MODULATE INSTRUCTIONAL-EFFECTS", Canadian journal of experimental psychology, 50(4), 1996, pp. 356-370

Abstract

Concepts in semantic memory are associated with other categorically (e.g., dog-horse) and complementarily (e.g., dog-bone) related concepts. Although complementary relations produce more robust priming (e.g., Lupker, 1984), categorical responding is more common in preference tasks where participants choose directly between categorical and complementary relations (e.g., Smiley & Brown, 1979). Three experiments examined the effects of instructions and individual differences on adult preferences. Experiment 1 demonstrated that category preferences were infrequent, and that ''most similar'' instructions produced modestly morecategory responses than ''goes together'' instructions. Ln Experiments 2 and 3, emphasizing key words enhanced the instructional effect, and ''similar'' instructions produced especially large increases in category preferences for participants predisposed to categorical relationships. These preference experiments demonstrate that complementary advantages, are similar to those for priming, and that instructions and prior tendencies can have subtle influences on semantic memory.

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Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 01:27:28