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Titolo:
MOLECULAR INDICATORS FOR PALEOENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE IN A MESSINIAN EVAPORITIC SEQUENCE (VENA DEL GESSO, ITALY) .2. HIGH-RESOLUTION VARIATIONS IN ABUNDANCES AND C-13 CONTENTS OF FREE AND SULFUR-HOUND CARBON SKELETONS IN A SINGLE MARL BED
Autore:
KENIG F; DAMSTE JSS; FREWIN NL; HAYES JM; DELEEUW JW;
Indirizzi:
UNIV HAWAII,SOEST,DEPT GEOL & GEOPHYS,2525 CORREA RD HONOLULU HI 96822 NETHERLANDS INST SEA RES,DIV MARINE BIOGEOCHEM 1790 AB DEN BURG NETHERLANDS INDIANA UNIV,BIOGEOCHEM LABS BLOOMINGTON IN 47405
Titolo Testata:
Organic geochemistry
fascicolo: 6, volume: 23, anno: 1995,
pagine: 485 - 526
SICI:
0146-6380(1995)23:6<485:MIFPCI>2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SULFUR-RICH GEOMACROMOLECULES; ICE DIATOM COMMUNITIES; BLACK-SEA; ORGANIC-MATTER; ISOTOPE FRACTIONATION; PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA; BIOLOGICAL MARKERS; MARINE-SEDIMENTS; PYRITE FORMATION; ALKYL DIOLS;
Keywords:
SULFURIZATION; BIOMARKERS; PALEOENVIRONMENT; PHOTIC ZONE ANOXIA; ANAEROBE PHOTOAUTOTROPHS; STABLE CARBON ISOTOPES;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
124
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
F. Kenig et al., "MOLECULAR INDICATORS FOR PALEOENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE IN A MESSINIAN EVAPORITIC SEQUENCE (VENA DEL GESSO, ITALY) .2. HIGH-RESOLUTION VARIATIONS IN ABUNDANCES AND C-13 CONTENTS OF FREE AND SULFUR-HOUND CARBON SKELETONS IN A SINGLE MARL BED", Organic geochemistry, 23(6), 1995, pp. 485-526

Abstract

The extractable organic matter of 10 immature samples from a marl bedof one evaporitic cycle of the Vena del Gesso sediments (Gessoso-solfifera Fm., Messinian, Italy) was analyzed quantitatively for free hydrocarbons and organic sulphur compounds. Nickel boride was used asa desulphurizing agent to recover sulphur-bound lipids from the polar and asphaltene fractions. Carbon isotopic compositions (delta vs PDB) of free hydrocarbons and of S-bound hydrocarbons were also measured. Relationships between these carbon skeletons, precursor biolipids, and the organisms producing them could then be examined. Concentrations of S-bound lipids and free hydrocarbons and their delta values were plotted vs depth in the marl bed and the profiles were interpreted in terms of variations in source organisms, C-13 contents of the carbon source, and environmentally induced changes in isotopic fractionation; The overall range of delta values measured was 24.7 parts per thousand, from -11.6 parts per thousand for a component derived from green sulphur bacteria (Chlorobiaceae) to -36.3 parts per thousand for a lipid derived from purple sulphur bacteria (Chromatiaceae). Deconvolution of mixtures, of components deriving from multiple sources (green and purple sulphur bacteria, coccolithophorids, microalgae and higher plants) was sometimes possible because both quantitative and isotopic data were available and because either the free or S-bound pool sometimes appeared to contain material from a single source. Several free n-alkanes and S-bound lipids appeared to be specific products of upper-water-column primary producers (i.e. algae and cyanobacteria). Others derived from anaerobic photoautotrophs and from heterotrophic protozoa (ciliates), which apparently fed partly on Chlorobiaceae. Four groups of n-alkanes produced by algae or cyanobacteria were also recognized based on systematic variations of abundance and isotopic composition with depth. For hydrocarbons probably derived from microalgae, isotopic Variations are well correlated with those of total organic carbon. A resistant aliphatic biomacromolecule produced by microalgae is, therefore, probably an important component of the kerogen. These variations reflect changes in the depositional environment and early diagenetic transformations. Changes in the concentrations of S-bound lipids induced by variations in conditions favourable for sulphurization were discriminated from those related to variations in primary producer assemblages. The water column of the lagoonal basin was stratified and photic zone anoxia occurred during the early and middle stages of marl deposition. During the last stage of the marl deposition the stratification collapsed due to a significant shallowing of the water column. Contributions from anaerobic photoautotrophs were apparently associated with variations in depth of the chemocline.

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Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 08:56:32