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Titolo:
CHRONIC PHOTOINHIBITION IN SEEDLINGS OF TROPICAL TREES
Autore:
CASTRO Y; FETCHER N; FERNANDEZ DS;
Indirizzi:
UNIV PUERTO RICO,DEPT BIOL,RIO PIEDRAS CAMPUS,BOX 23360 SAN JUAN PR 00931 UNIV PUERTO RICO,DEPT BIOL SAN JUAN PR 00931
Titolo Testata:
Physiologia Plantarum
fascicolo: 4, volume: 94, anno: 1995,
pagine: 560 - 565
SICI:
0031-9317(1995)94:4<560:CPISOT>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PHOTON YIELD; RAIN-FOREST; CHLOROPHYLL FLUORESCENCE; PHOTOSYSTEM-II; EMERGENT TREES; O-2 EVOLUTION; LIGHT REGIME; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; LEAVES; GROWTH;
Keywords:
DIPTERYX PANAMENSIS; FOLIAR NITROGEN; HAMPEA APPENDICULATA; INGA EDULIS; MANILKARA BIDENTATA; OCHROMA LAGOPUS; PHOTOINHIBITION; RAIN FOREST; TROPICAL TREES;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
Y. Castro et al., "CHRONIC PHOTOINHIBITION IN SEEDLINGS OF TROPICAL TREES", Physiologia Plantarum, 94(4), 1995, pp. 560-565

Abstract

Seedlings of five canopy species of tropical trees from Costa Rica and Puerto Rico were grown in full shade (midday range of photosyntheticphoton flux density [PPFD], 100-140 mu mol m(-2) s(-1)), partial shade (midday PPFD, 400-600 mu mol m(-2) s(-1)) and full sun (midday PPFD,1500-1800 mu mol m(-2) s(-1)) for 3 months. The species were Ochroma lagopus (Bombacaceae), a pioneer species; Inga edulis (Fabaceae), found in secondary forest; and Dipteryx panamensis (Fabaceae), Hampea appendiculata (Mal vaceae), and Manilkara bidentata (Sapotaceae), three species characteristic of primary forest. After the plants were placed in the dark overnight, chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics were measured for recently expanded and mature leaves. The ratio of variable fluorescence to maximum fluorescence (F-v/F-m) was used to estimate the degree of chronic photoinhibition. Only individuals of one species, Dipteryx panamensis, showed significant depression of F-v/F-m after long-term exposure to full sun. The depression was highly correlated with quantum yield of O-2 evolution which also declined after exposure tofull sun. The decline may have been related to foliar N concentration. Although all plants were supplied with ample nutrients, foliar N didnot increase significantly for Dipteryx seedlings in full sun, whereas it did for Ochroma and Inga. Leaf age affected F-v/F-m only in the cases of Manilkara, where it was slightly lower in recently expanded leaves, and of Dipteryx where it interacted with the effects of light regime. We conclude that chronic photoinhibition is not common in seedlings of canopy trees of tropical rain forests except when availability of mineral nutrients may be limiting.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/10/20 alle ore 23:55:01