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Titolo:
REACTION OF ANILINE WITH FEOCL - FORMATION AND ORDERING OF CONDUCTINGPOLYANILINE IN A CRYSTALLINE LAYERED HOST
Autore:
WU CG; DEGROOT DC; MARCY HO; SCHINDLER JL; KANNEWURF CR; BAKAS T; PAPAEFTHYMIOU V; HIRPO W; YESINOWSKI JP; LIU YJ; KANATZIDIS MG;
Indirizzi:
MICHIGAN STATE UNIV,DEPT CHEM E LANSING MI 48824 MICHIGAN STATE UNIV,DEPT CHEM E LANSING MI 48824 MICHIGAN STATE UNIV,CTR FUNDAMENTAL MAT RES E LANSING MI 48824 NORTHWESTERN UNIV,DEPT ELECT ENGN & COMP SCI EVANSTON IL 60208 UNIV IOANNINA,DEPT PHYS GR-45110 IOANNINA GREECE USN,RES LAB WASHINGTON DC 20375
Titolo Testata:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
fascicolo: 36, volume: 117, anno: 1995,
pagine: 9229 - 9242
SICI:
0002-7863(1995)117:36<9229:ROAWF->2.0.ZU;2-D
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
X-RAY-DIFFRACTION; INTRAMOLECULAR ELECTRON-TRANSFER; STATE C-13 NMR; INTERCALATION COMPOUNDS; PHASE-TRANSITIONS; ANODIC SYNTHESIS; POLYMERIC METAL; RELAXATION DATA; FE SHEETS; H-2 NMR;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
131
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
C.G. Wu et al., "REACTION OF ANILINE WITH FEOCL - FORMATION AND ORDERING OF CONDUCTINGPOLYANILINE IN A CRYSTALLINE LAYERED HOST", Journal of the American Chemical Society, 117(36), 1995, pp. 9229-9242

Abstract

A detailed study of the intercalative polymerization reaction of aniline with FeOCl, an extensive physicochemical and spectroscopic characterization of the products, and their oxidative behavior in air is presented. FeOCl reacts with excess aniline in CH3CN at 25 degrees C, in air, to form black microcrystalline products containing polyaniline (PANI) of the general formula (PANI)(x)FeOCl (I). X-ray diffraction from a single crystal of (PANI)(x)FeOCl shows that the polymer is intercalated in an ordered fashion that is commensurate with the FeOCl lattice. This ordering causes a doubling of the unit cell in the two in-plane directions (a- and c-) forming a 2a x 2c superlattice. The PANI can beextracted from (I) by FeOCl framework dissolution in acid. Molecular weight studies of extracted PANI via gel permeation chromatography (GPC) analysis suggest (M) over bar(w) similar to 6100 and (M) over bar(n) similar to 3500 versus (M) over bar(w) similar to 69 000 and (M) over bar(n) similar to 7700 observed for bulk PANI. Chain lengths of PANIin the intralamellar space are shorter than those of bulk PANI but show narrower length distribution. Variable temperature H-2-wide-line NMR of (PANI)(x)FeOCl shows that the polymer chains are significantly confined with respect to phenyl ring rotation, but the spectra are influenced by the electron paramagnetism of the host. The (PANI)(x)FeOCl was also characterized by infrared spectroscopy, Mossbauer spectroscopy,electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, magnetic susceptibility measurements, and charge-transport measurements. Mossbauer spectroscopy suggests a mixed-valent FeOCl with a Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio in the material similar to 1:9. Aerial oxidation of (PANI)(x)FeOCl yields an intimate mixture of PANI and beta-FeOOH. The PANI after oxidation shows a molecular weight intermediate between that extracted from fresh (PANI)(x)FeOCl and bulk PANI. The electrical conductivity of single crystals is 1.5 x 10(-2) S/cm and features a thermally activated temperature dependence consistent with a semiconductor. Thermoelectric power measurements show a positive Seebeck coefficient (similar to 10 mu V/K) at room temperature which increases steadily with decreasing temperature, reaching the value of 100-400 mu V/K at 150K, consistent with a p-type semiconductor. The charge transport data suggest that in (PANI)(x)FeOCl the reduced FeOCl framework dominates the electronic conduction.

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Documento generato il 29/11/20 alle ore 16:14:46