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Titolo:
IMPACT OF LEFT-VENTRICULAR UNLOADING AFTER LATE REPERFUSION OF CANINEANTERIOR MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION ON REMODELING AND FUNCTION USING ISOSORBIDE-5-MONONITRATE
Autore:
JUGDUTT BI; KHAN MI; JUGDUTT SJ; BLINSTON GE;
Indirizzi:
UNIV ALBERTA,WALTER MACKENZIE HLTH SCI CTR,DEPT MED,DIV CARDIOL,2C243EDMONTON AB T6G 2R7 CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Circulation
fascicolo: 4, volume: 92, anno: 1995,
pagine: 926 - 934
SICI:
0009-7322(1995)92:4<926:IOLUAL>2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CORONARY-ARTERY REPERFUSION; SMOOTH-MUSCLE CELLS; INTRAVENOUS NITROGLYCERIN; CONSCIOUS DOGS; ANGINA-PECTORIS; BLOOD-FLOW; REDUCTION; EXPANSION; THERAPY; HYPERTROPHY;
Keywords:
REMODELING; REPERFUSION; HYPERTROPHY; PROTEINS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
43
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
B.I. Jugdutt et al., "IMPACT OF LEFT-VENTRICULAR UNLOADING AFTER LATE REPERFUSION OF CANINEANTERIOR MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION ON REMODELING AND FUNCTION USING ISOSORBIDE-5-MONONITRATE", Circulation, 92(4), 1995, pp. 926-934

Abstract

Background Late reperfusion during acute myocardial infarction results in delayed recovery of ventricular function and less remodeling, whereas ventricular unloading with nitrates improves function and attenuates remodeling. Whether late reperfusion combined with prolonged unloading with isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN) might produce greater functional recovery and less remodeling than late reperfusion alone is not known. Methods and Results In vivo left ventricular function and topography (echocardiograms), postmortem topography (planimetry), and collagen (hydroxyproline) were measured in dogs that were randomized to reperfusion 2 hours after left anterior descending coronary artery ligation, and ISMN (n=12) or placebo (n=12) was given as 25 mg IV over 4 hours followed by 50 mg PO QID for 6 weeks. Compared with placebo, the ISMN group had similar heart rate but lower left atrial pressure, mean arterial pressure, and rate-pressure products. Although in vivo baselineremodeling and functional parameters were similar in the two groups, by 6 weeks the ISMN group had smaller (P less than or equal to.05) infarct and noninfarct segment lengths, ventricular volumes, and mass; less (P<.001) asynergy; and greater (P<.001) ejection fraction. More important, by 2 days, ejection fraction was 18% greater (P<.025) and asynergy 26% less (P<.05) with ISMN. At 6 weeks, ISMN showed less (P less than or equal to.05) scar size, scar collagen, cavity dilation, noninfarct wall thickness, and apical bulging than placebo. In another 4 dogs, acute ISMN produced less improvement in function and remodeling than prolonged ISMN. Conclusions Late reperfusion of acute anterior myocardial infarction combined with prolonged ISMN unloading results in greater and earlier recovery of ventricular function and less remodeling than late reperfusion alone.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/10/20 alle ore 05:28:34