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Titolo:
ROLE OF SPECIFIC INSTANCES IN CONTROLLING A DYNAMIC SYSTEM
Autore:
DIENES Z; FAHEY R;
Indirizzi:
UNIV SUSSEX,EXPTL PSYCHOL LAB BRIGHTON BN1 9QG E SUSSEX ENGLAND
Titolo Testata:
Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
fascicolo: 4, volume: 21, anno: 1995,
pagine: 848 - 862
SICI:
0278-7393(1995)21:4<848:ROSIIC>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VERBALIZABLE KNOWLEDGE; INTERACTIVE TASKS; CONTEXT THEORY; IMPLICIT; CLASSIFICATION; PERFORMANCE; EXPLICIT; MODEL; CONNECTIONIST; AUTOMATICITY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
Z. Dienes e R. Fahey, "ROLE OF SPECIFIC INSTANCES IN CONTROLLING A DYNAMIC SYSTEM", Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition, 21(4), 1995, pp. 848-862

Abstract

This article examines the claim that the learning of a dynamic control task is mediated by a lookup table consisting of previously successful trials on the task. Consistent with the predictions of a lookup table, in 2 experiments participants tended to give the same response to situations in which they had previously been successful rather than unsuccessful. Further, in both experiments, participants knowledge did not generalize to new dissimilar situations, unless the dynamic controltask was governed by a highly salient rule. A version of G. Logan's (1988) instance theory, which assumes that participants store each successful response as a separate instance linking the situation to the response, was able to quantitatively match a range of measures of participants' performance with one free parameter, except in the case in which the control task was governed by a salient rule. In a complementaryway, an alternative rule-based model could only match participants' performance when the control task was governed by a highly salient rule.

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Documento generato il 20/09/20 alle ore 19:18:12