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Titolo:
EFFLUENT TREATMENT - TREATABILITY OF WASTEWATERS FROM TOTALLY CHLORINE-FREE BLEACHING
Autore:
SAUNAMAKI R;
Indirizzi:
FINNISH PULP & PAPER RES INST,TEKNIIKNTLE 2,POB 70 SF-02151 ESPOO FINLAND
Titolo Testata:
Tappi journal
fascicolo: 8, volume: 78, anno: 1995,
pagine: 185 - 192
SICI:
0734-1415(1995)78:8<185:ET-TOW>2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS; BLEACHED PULPS; CHLORINE DIOXIDE; CHLORINE FREE BLEACHING; EDTA; EFFLUENT TREATMENT; FLOCCULATION; HEAVY METALS; KRAFT PULPS; OZONE BLEACHING; PEROXIDE BLEACHING; PRECIPITATING;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
8
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R. Saunamaki, "EFFLUENT TREATMENT - TREATABILITY OF WASTEWATERS FROM TOTALLY CHLORINE-FREE BLEACHING", Tappi journal, 78(8), 1995, pp. 185-192

Abstract

Wastewaters om totally chlorine-free (TCF) bleaching were compared with wastewaters from chlorine-gas (CG) bleaching and elemental-chlorine-free (ECF) bleaching Activated-sludge treatment of TCF wastewaters reduced COD by 55-65%, compared with 35-45% for wastewaters containing chlorine compounds. Chemical flocculation of biologically treated TCF wastewaters with aluminum sulfate resulted in 85% total removal of COD. TCF wastewaters were very light in color, in contrast to wastewaters fr om CG bleaching. Combined biological and flocculation treatments ofTCF wastewaters reduced phosphorus by 97-99%. Nitrogen in TCF wastewaters was high because of the presence of EDTA (ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid). Activated-sludge treatment did not remove EDTA, but addition of aluminum sulfate to treated wastewaters reduced EDTA by 65%. Residual peroxide in TCF wastewaters made them highly toxic, although biological treatment removed this toxicity. Treated TCF wastewaters had higher levels of heavy metals and nonprocess elements than CG and ECF wastewaters. Changing the composition of the wastewaters had little effect on the operation of the activated-sludge treatment system.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/11/20 alle ore 04:26:13