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Titolo:
MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF TIMOTHY GRASS-POLLEN GROUP-V ALLERGENS
Autore:
BECKER WM; BUFE A; PETERSEN A; SCHLAAK M;
Indirizzi:
FORSCHUNGSINST BORSTEL,PARKALLEE 35 D-23845 BORSTEL GERMANY
Titolo Testata:
International archives of allergy and immunology
fascicolo: 1-3, volume: 107, anno: 1995,
pagine: 242 - 244
SICI:
1018-2438(1995)107:1-3<242:MCOTGG>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
PHLEUM PRATENSE; ALLERGEN; ISOALLERGEN; PHL P V; B CELL EPITOPE; FRAGMENTS; HISTAMINE RELEASE; RNASE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
9
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
W.M. Becker et al., "MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF TIMOTHY GRASS-POLLEN GROUP-V ALLERGENS", International archives of allergy and immunology, 107(1-3), 1995, pp. 242-244

Abstract

Phlp V is the dominant allergen of timothy grass (Phleum pratense) with two isoforms having the apparent molecular weights of 38 (Phlp Va) and 32 kD (Phlp Vb) under Western blot conditions. Two-dimensional electrophoresis/immunoblotting reveals that each isoform. is split into at least four isoallergens. Structural differences in the isoforms are shown by N-terminal sequencing (only 60% identity), by reaction patterns of monoclonal antibodies and, more convincingly, by enzymic degradation of purified isoforms followed by immunologic fingerprinting. These findings are confirmed by the deduced primary protein structure of cloned Phlp Va and Phlp Vb. Experiments with IgE - affinity-purified byimmobilized recombinant allergens or their fragments - reveal identical epitopes and at least one different epitope between the isoforms. Furthermore, on Phlp Va we can localize different IgE-reactive epitopesat the C terminus as well as the N terminus. By probing serum from 11patients on recombinant C- or N-terminal fragments, an individual reaction pattern was found. Testing the histamine liberation potency of the fragments, we found the N-terminal fragment of Phlp Va to be superior to that of the C-terminal fragment or the whole molecule. These results give insights into the variability of allergens, the individuality of human reaction patterns to epitopes and the alteration of allergenicity to higher or lower levels by fragmentation.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/12/20 alle ore 08:06:06