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Titolo:
INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES AND PROBABILISTIC CONSTRAINTS IN SYNTACTIC AMBIGUITY RESOLUTION
Autore:
PEARLMUTTER NJ; MACDONALD MC;
Indirizzi:
UNIV ILLINOIS,BECKMAN INST,405 N MATTHEWS ST URBANA IL 61801 UNIV SO CALIF LOS ANGELES CA 90089
Titolo Testata:
Journal of memory and language
fascicolo: 4, volume: 34, anno: 1995,
pagine: 521 - 542
SICI:
0749-596X(1995)34:4<521:IAPCIS>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
WORKING MEMORY; CONTEXT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
29
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
N.J. Pearlmutter e M.C. Macdonald, "INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES AND PROBABILISTIC CONSTRAINTS IN SYNTACTIC AMBIGUITY RESOLUTION", Journal of memory and language, 34(4), 1995, pp. 521-542

Abstract

Two experiments investigated the role of individual differences in reading span in the comprehension of ambiguous sentences that were resolved with a syntactically simple interpretation. Previous research showed that high but not low reading span subjects had longer reading times for such sentences compared to unambiguous controls, a result that had been attributed to high span subjects maintaining more alternative interpretations of the ambiguity than did low span subjects (MacDonald, Just, & Carpenter, 1992). Experiment 1 replicated this reading time pattern but also showed that the individual differences were attributable to differential sensitivity to probabilistic constraints in the stimuli, in that only high span subjects were sensitive to the relative plausibility of alternative interpretations of the ambiguity. Experiment 2 demonstrated that the source of these differences was in the ability to use plausibility constraints during comprehension, not in constraint knowledge across the two groups. The implications of these results for studies of individual differences and for theories of syntacticambiguity resolution are discussed. (C) 1995 Academic Press. Inc.

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Documento generato il 28/11/20 alle ore 17:49:32