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Titolo:
GYPSIES, CELTS AND TINKERS - COLONIAL ANTECEDENTS OF ANTI-TRAVELER RACISM IN IRELAND
Autore:
HELLEINER J;
Indirizzi:
BROCK UNIV,DEPT SOCIOL ST CATHARINES ON L2S 3A1 CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Ethnic and racial studies
fascicolo: 3, volume: 18, anno: 1995,
pagine: 532 - 554
SICI:
0141-9870(1995)18:3<532:GCAT-C>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
IRELAND; TRAVELING PEOPLE; GYPSIES; RACISM; HISTORY; COLONIALISM;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
47
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J. Helleiner, "GYPSIES, CELTS AND TINKERS - COLONIAL ANTECEDENTS OF ANTI-TRAVELER RACISM IN IRELAND", Ethnic and racial studies, 18(3), 1995, pp. 532-554

Abstract

Post-colonial nationalist ideologies and practices construct an IrishRepublic free of 'ethnicity' and 'racism', The ethnicization of the Irish Travelling People ('itinerants', 'tinkers') and the existence of anti-traveller racism, however, reveal the limitations of this construction. This article focuses upon the antecedents of anti-traveller ideologies by concentrating on the period that preceded Irish independence in 1922. The history of Irish itinerancy from the middle ages to themid-nineteenth century is first described and located within the context of British colonialism. This is followed by a consideration of scholarly, literary and popular representations of 'tinkers' during the late nineteenth century. Three interelated discourses, those of the British Gypsylorists, the Anglo-Irish Celtic Literary Revivalists, and the folklore of the Irish peasantry, are described and linked to Britishimperialism, Irish cultural nationalism, and agrarian class relationsrespectively. It is argued that an analysis of these discourses, grounded in political economy, provides a useful historical context for analyses of more recent constructions of Travellers that have arisen in the course of struggles over a state settlement programme initiated inthe 1960s. Through documentation and analysis of historical constructions of Travelling People, especially constructions of their origins, this article aims to challenge contemporary essentialist constructionsof both ethnic identity and racism by redirecting attention instead towards the economic and political processes and relations of power that produce difference and inequality within the Irish context. Such analysis can also raise broader issues regarding the existence and specificity of racism in the Irish Republic.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/04/20 alle ore 04:29:07