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Titolo:
NEURONS IN THE VENTROLATERAL PENS ARE REQUIRED FOR POSTHYPOXIC FREQUENCY DECLINE IN RATS
Autore:
COLES SK; DICK TE;
Indirizzi:
CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIV,DEPT MED,DIV PULM & CRIT CARE MED,11100 EUCLID AVE CLEVELAND OH 44106 CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIV,DEPT MED,DIV PULM & CRIT CARE MED CLEVELANDOH 44106
Titolo Testata:
Journal of physiology
fascicolo: 1, volume: 497, anno: 1996,
pagine: 79 - 94
SICI:
0022-3751(1996)497:1<79:NITVPA>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RESPIRATORY RHYTHM GENERATOR; BRAIN-STEM CONNECTIONS; PNEUMOTAXIC CENTER; FETAL LAMBS; NEWBORN RAT; MODULATION; AFFERENT; RESPONSES; STIMULATION; DEPRESSION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.K. Coles e T.E. Dick, "NEURONS IN THE VENTROLATERAL PENS ARE REQUIRED FOR POSTHYPOXIC FREQUENCY DECLINE IN RATS", Journal of physiology, 497(1), 1996, pp. 79-94

Abstract

1. The breathing pattern following acute hypoxia (arterial O-2 pressure (P-a,P- O2), 27.4 +/- 7.7 mmHg) was measured in intact, anaesthetized and spontaneously breathing adult rats (n = 4) and in anaesthetized, vagotomized, paralysed and ventilated animals (n = 14). Measurementswere made both before and after bilateral lesions or chemical inactivation of neurones in the lateral pens. Respiratory motor activity was recorded as an index of the respiratory cycle. We tested the hypothesis that the ventrolateral pens is required for expression of post-hypoxic frequency decline, defined as a decrease in respiratory frequency below steady-state baseline levels following brief exposures to hypoxia. 2. We identified an area in the ventrolateral pens where brief (1 ms) low current (less than or equal to 20 mu A) pulses evoked a short-latency inhibition of phrenic nerve activity. At this site, bilateral electrical or chemical lesions (n = 3) were performed, or neural activity was inhibited by focal injections of 10 mM muscimol (n = 9). In six control animals, neural activity was inhibited by muscimol injections into the lateral pens, dorsal to the target site. 3. Prior to pontine intervention, respiratory frequency decreased below baseline levels following 20-110 s of 8% O-2. The decrease in frequency resulted from a prolongation of expiration (up to 276%), which gradually returned to baseline levels (tau = 45 s). 4. Following lesions or inhibition of neural activity in the ventrolateral pens, baseline inspiratory (T-I) andexpiratory (T-E) durations were altered, albeit minimally, in the animals with intact vagus nerves. Expiratory duration following hypoxia was not different from baseline levels either in vagotomized (P = 0.18)or intact (P > 0.05) animals. In contrast, injections of muscimol at more dorsal sites did not alter the decrease in frequency normally seen following hypoxia. 5. Histological examination revealed that effective lesion or injection sites were within the lateral pontine tegmentalfield and included portions of the noradrenergic A(5) cell group. 6. We conclude that the mechanism responsible for post-hypoxic frequency decline involves an active neural process that depends on the integrity of the ventrolateral pens.

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Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 10:19:19