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Titolo:
SPONTANEOUS ASCITIC INFECTION IN DIFFERENT CIRRHOTIC GROUPS - PREVALENCE, RISK-FACTORS AND THE EFFICACY OF CEFOTAXIME THERAPY
Autore:
KAYMAKOGLU S; ERAKSOY H; OKTEN A; DEMIR K; CALANGU S; CAKALOGLU Y; BOZTAS G; BESISIK F;
Indirizzi:
ISTANBUL FAC MED,DIV GASTROENTEROHEPATOL TR-34390 ISTANBUL TURKEY ISTANBUL FAC MED,DEPT CLIN BACTERIOL & INFECT DIS ISTANBUL TURKEY
Titolo Testata:
European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology
fascicolo: 1, volume: 9, anno: 1997,
pagine: 71 - 76
SICI:
0954-691X(1997)9:1<71:SAIIDC>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SPONTANEOUS BACTERIAL PERITONITIS; HEPATITIS-B; LIVER-TRANSPLANTATION; PROTEIN-CONCENTRATION; PREDICTIVE FACTORS; FLUID; PROGNOSIS; DISEASE;
Keywords:
SPONTANEOUS ASCITIC INFECTION; LIVER CIRRHOSIS; CEFOTAXIME;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S. Kaymakoglu et al., "SPONTANEOUS ASCITIC INFECTION IN DIFFERENT CIRRHOTIC GROUPS - PREVALENCE, RISK-FACTORS AND THE EFFICACY OF CEFOTAXIME THERAPY", European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology, 9(1), 1997, pp. 71-76

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of spontaneous ascitic infection (SAI) in different cirrhotic groups, the risk factors for development of SAI, and the efficacy of cefotaxime therapy. Design: A prospective study. Setting: In-patient clinic of a university hospital. Patients: Eighty cirrhotic patients with ascites were assigned to four groups: hepatitis B or D virus-related 34, alcoholic 18, hepatitis C virus-related 14, miscellaneous 14. Interventions: Paracentesis was performed on 80 patients during 92 consecutive hospitalizations. Ascitic fluid was cultured by the method of bedside inoculation of blood culture bottles with ascites. The patients with SAI were treated with cefotaxime (2 g, three times daily, intravenously) for 5 days. Main outcome measures: Frequency of SAI in cirrhotic groups; clinical, bacteriologicaland biochemical findings of SAI; rate of recovery from infection. Results: Twenty SAI episodes (22%) were found in 16 patients; 8 episodes were spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, 2 bacterascites, and 10 culture-negative neutrocytic ascites. SAI occurred more frequently in patients with hepatitis B or D virus-related liver cirrhosis (32%) than in the alcoholic (6%, P < 0.05), hepatitis C virus-related (14%) or miscellaneous (14%) cirrhotic groups. In multivariate analysis, independent predictive factors associated with the development of SAI are chronic hepatitis 8 virus infection, ascitic fluid total protein and serum bilirubin. Escherichia coli was obtained in 5 of 10 positive ascitic fluid cultures. Cure of the infection was achieved in 95% of episodes. Hospitalization mortality rate in infected patients was 20%. Conclusion: Spontaneous ascitic infection occurs in approximately 20% of cirrhoticpatients hospitalized with ascites. The patients with low ascitic protein concentration, high serum bilirubin level or hepatitis B virus cirrhosis are more predisposed to SAI. Cefotaxime may be an effective first-choice antibiotic for ascitic fluid infection.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 10/12/19 alle ore 01:18:34