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Titolo:
THE AIDS EPIDEMIC AMONG SPANISH WOMEN
Autore:
CASTILLA J; GARCIAPUENTE E;
Indirizzi:
CTR NACL EPIDEMIOL,INST HLTH CARLOS 3,SINESIO DELGADO 6 E-28029 MADRID SPAIN
Titolo Testata:
International journal of epidemiology
fascicolo: 3, volume: 24, anno: 1995,
pagine: 619 - 624
SICI:
0300-5771(1995)24:3<619:TAEASW>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS; INTRAVENOUS-DRUG-USERS; HIV TRANSMISSION; RISK-FACTORS; INFECTION; PROSTITUTES; PREVALENCE; COMMUNITY; VALENCIA;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J. Castilla e E. Garciapuente, "THE AIDS EPIDEMIC AMONG SPANISH WOMEN", International journal of epidemiology, 24(3), 1995, pp. 619-624

Abstract

Background. The number of female cases of AIDS in Spain continues to rise. This paper describes the epidemiological pattern involved and identifies differences compared to heterosexual males. Methods. An analysis based on data gathered via the Spanish AIDS surveillance system was carried out on cases among females aged >12, broken down by reporting year, age, transmission category and area of residence. A comparisonwas run against cases among heterosexual males. Results. By December 1993, 22114 cases of AIDS among patients aged >12 had been reported, 3812 (17.2%) involving females. Although a rise was to be observed in the number and percentage of female cases reported each year, climbing to 1039 cases in 1993 and accounting for 18.5% of all cases in adults,the heterosexual male-to-female ratio remained relatively constant ataround 3.8:1. Average age at diagnosis was higher among heterosexual males than among females (31.1 versus 29.8; P < 0.0001). Intravenous drug users (IVDU) accounted for 71.7% and heterosexual contact far 19.4% of women with AIDS, against 81.7% and 5.8% respectively in males. Until 1993 the cumulative rate for AIDS stood at 221 cases per million adult females. Conclusions. Intravenous drugs, whether through direct use or heterosexual relations with IVDU partners, are the principal cause of female AIDS in Spain. In females, the epidemic exhibits different characteristics compared to that in males.

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Documento generato il 11/07/20 alle ore 21:08:27