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Titolo:
ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, DIET AND THE RISK OF ORAL-CANCER - A POOLED ANALYSIS OF 3 CASE-CONTROL STUDIES
Autore:
MACFARLANE GJ; ZHENG T; MARSHALL JR; BOFFETTA P; NIU S; BRASURE J; MERLETTI F; BOYLE P;
Indirizzi:
UNIV MANCHESTER,SCH EPIDEMIOL & HLTH SCI,STOPFORD BLDG,OXFORD RD MANCHESTER M13 9PT LANCS ENGLAND EUROPEAN INST ONCOL,DIV BIOSTAT & EPIDEMIOL I-20141 MILAN ITALY YALE UNIV,CANC PREVENT RES UNIT NEW HAVEN CT 06510 SUNY BUFFALO,DEPT SOCIAL & PREVENT MED BUFFALO NY 14214 INT AGCY RES CANC,ANALYT EPIDEMIOL UNIT F-69372 LYON FRANCE CHINESE ACAD PREVENT MED,INST ENVIRONM HLTH & ENGN BEIJING 100050 PEOPLES R CHINA UNIV TURIN,DIPARTIMENTO SCI BIOMED & ONCOL UMANA I-10126 TURIN ITALY
Titolo Testata:
European journal of cancer. Part B, Oral oncology
fascicolo: 3, volume: 31B, anno: 1995,
pagine: 181 - 187
SICI:
0964-1955(1995)31B:3<181:ATDATR>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PHARYNGEAL CANCER; SMOKING; MORTALITY; DRINKING; CAVITY; EPIDEMIOLOGY; OROPHARYNX; ETIOLOGY; LARYNX; SITES;
Keywords:
ORAL CANCER; ALCOHOL; TOBACCO; DIET;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
29
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
G.J. Macfarlane et al., "ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, DIET AND THE RISK OF ORAL-CANCER - A POOLED ANALYSIS OF 3 CASE-CONTROL STUDIES", European journal of cancer. Part B, Oral oncology, 31B(3), 1995, pp. 181-187

Abstract

This combined analysis of data from three large case-control studies of oral cancer confirms the important effect of tobacco in the aetiology of the disease. The studies have been conducted in the United States, Italy and China and results for risks associated with tobacco smoking were generally consistent across centres, while those for alcohol were not; increased risks amongst alcohol drinkers were evident in two centres but not in the study conducted in Turin, Italy. In addition, the combined analysis had large enough numbers to analyse. The risk of tobacco consumption in non-drinkers. In females these showed increasedrisks while in males the effect of tobacco alone was weaker, Given the popularity of tobacco smoking, and its consequent high attributable risk in terms of oral cancer it is reassuring, in terms of public health, that cessation will result in a substantial reduction in risk; a 30% reduction in risk for those stopping smoking between 1 and 9 years,and a 50% reduction for those stopping more than 9 years. Although encouraging smokers to stop should be the principal aim, decreases in risk for everyone could be achieved by encouraging high fruit and vegetable consumption.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 14:14:47