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Titolo:
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EDUCATIONAL STATUS, GENDER AND SMOKING IN FINLAND, 1978-1992
Autore:
RAHKONEN O; BERG MA; PUSKA P;
Indirizzi:
UNIV HELSINKI,DEPT SOCIAL POLICY,POB 25 SF-00014 HELSINKI FINLAND NATL PUBL HLTH INST,DEPT EPIDEMIOL & HLTH PROMOT SF-00300 HELSINKI FINLAND
Titolo Testata:
Health promotion international
fascicolo: 2, volume: 10, anno: 1995,
pagine: 115 - 120
SICI:
0957-4824(1995)10:2<115:RBESGA>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RISK-FACTORS; HEALTH; DISEASE; TOBACCO; PREVALENCE; TRENDS;
Keywords:
EDUCATION; GENDER; SMOKING;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
O. Rahkonen et al., "RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EDUCATIONAL STATUS, GENDER AND SMOKING IN FINLAND, 1978-1992", Health promotion international, 10(2), 1995, pp. 115-120

Abstract

In several countries, the decline in smoking prevalence has been faster among the more educated groups compared with the less educated. Theaim of the study was to analyse self-reported smoking by years of education among Finnish men and women from 1978 to 1992. The data were collected annually by postal questionnaires from a random sample of 20-64-year-old Finns. Response rates varied between 68% (1985) and 86% (1978), averaging 79% and the number of respondents between 3400 and 5107. Years of education were measured by questionnaire and categorized into two groups: <12 years and greater than or equal to 12 years. Among men the prevalence of smoking has remained rather constant in both educational groups from 1978 to 1999. The difference between educational groups, however, diminished in the early 1980s but has increased againsince 1984. Among women, those who had the less education slightly increased their smoking rates since 1985. The difference between the twofemale educational groups has increased. The less educated women havesmoked as often or more often than the more educated men since the late 1980s. The decreasing smoking trends found in several other countries, relative to increasing levels of education, are being slowed. The results indicate that in smoking control policy more concern should bedevoted to the less educated groups and to the efforts to prevent newcohorts from picking up the smoking habit.

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Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 03:27:01