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Titolo:
THE PATHS TO RAIN-FOREST DESTRUCTION - CROSSNATIONAL PATTERNS OF TROPICAL DEFORESTATION, 1975-90
Autore:
RUDEL T; ROPER J;
Indirizzi:
RUTGERS STATE UNIV NEW BRUNSWICK NJ 08903
Titolo Testata:
World development
fascicolo: 1, volume: 25, anno: 1997,
pagine: 53 - 65
SICI:
0305-750X(1997)25:1<53:TPTRD->2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES; THIRD-WORLD; POLITICS; DECLINE; GROWTH;
Keywords:
TROPICAL DEFORESTATION; POPULATION GROWTH; FOREST SIZE; HISTORICAL TRENDS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
41
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T. Rudel e J. Roper, "THE PATHS TO RAIN-FOREST DESTRUCTION - CROSSNATIONAL PATTERNS OF TROPICAL DEFORESTATION, 1975-90", World development, 25(1), 1997, pp. 53-65

Abstract

Recently published, crossnational data on tropical deforestation varyin quality, but with appropriate safeguards they can be used to analyze the causes of tropical deforestation. We use these data to assess the major explanations for tropical deforestation during 1975-90. One set of explanations, which we label frontier theory, identifies entrepreneurs, companies, and small farmers, working in concert, as the chiefagents of deforestation. A second set of explanations, which we call immiserization theory, attributes most deforestation to expanding peasant populations who have few other economic opportunities and therefore decide to clear additional land for agriculture. The quantitative analysis suggests that frontier theory described deforestation in placeswith large forests and immiserization theory describes deforestation in plates with small forests. Policies to reduce deforestation should vary in their effectiveness depending on which of these two processes predominates in a place. Copyright (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd

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Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 22:26:55