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Titolo:
DEPRESSION IN SUBSTANCE-DEPENDENT DELINQUENTS
Autore:
RIGGS PD; BAKER S; MIKULICH SK; YOUNG SE; CROWLEY TJ;
Indirizzi:
UNIV COLORADO,HLTH SCI CTR,ADDICT RES & TREATMENT SERV,DEPT PSYCHIAT,PSYCHIAT SERV ADOLESCENTS DENVER CO 80262
Titolo Testata:
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
fascicolo: 6, volume: 34, anno: 1995,
pagine: 764 - 771
SICI:
0890-8567(1995)34:6<764:DISD>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CONDUCT DISORDER; ADOLESCENT DEPRESSION; ADULT OUTCOMES; CO-MORBIDITY; RATING-SCALE; DRUG-ABUSE; CHILDREN; COMORBIDITY; HYPERACTIVITY; RELIABILITY;
Keywords:
DEPRESSION; CONDUCT DISORDER; SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER; COMORBIDITY; ADOLESCENTS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
41
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
P.D. Riggs et al., "DEPRESSION IN SUBSTANCE-DEPENDENT DELINQUENTS", Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34(6), 1995, pp. 764-771

Abstract

Objective: Depression often is comorbid with conduct disorder. The purpose of this study is to assess whether, among youths with conduct disorder, those with depression differ in other ways from those without depression. Method: Ninety-nine delinquent boys (aged 13 through 19 years) were evaluated with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children and other instruments. All boys had conduct disorder and substance use disorders. Results: Staff-rated and self-rated depression scores correlated significantly. Twenty-one boys had major depression and/or dysthymia. Depressed boys had more substance dependence diagnoses and were more likely to have attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and anxiety disorders, compared with the nondepressed boys. Depressed boys tended to develop conduct symptoms earlier than did the nondepressed boys. Depression scores did not change after at least 4 weeks of abstinence, for either depressed or nondepressed boys. Conclusions: Depressed delinquents have more substance dependence diagnoses, tend to initiate behavioral problems at an earlier age, have increased anxiety and attentional problems, and more trauma effects, than nondepressed delinquents. Depression does not appear to berelated to substance intoxication, since it is not alleviated after 4weeks of abstinence. Such boys may require combined psychiatric and substance treatment.

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Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 15:58:13