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Titolo:
AIR-TRAFFIC-CONTROLLER SHIFTWORK - WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR AVIATION SAFETY - A REVIEW
Autore:
LUNA TD;
Indirizzi:
USAF,MC,PSC 3,BOX 5823 APO AP 96266 USAF,SCH AEROSP MED BROOKS AFB TX 78235 ARMSTRONG LAB BROOKS AFB TX 78235
Titolo Testata:
Aviation, space, and environmental medicine
fascicolo: 1, volume: 68, anno: 1997,
pagine: 69 - 79
SICI:
0095-6562(1997)68:1<69:AS-WAT>2.0.ZU;2-D
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PHYSICAL-TRAINING INTERVENTION; CIRCADIAN PERFORMANCE RHYTHMS; SIMULATED NIGHT-SHIFT; SHORT-TERM-MEMORY; SLEEP-WAKE CYCLE; BRIGHT LIGHT; BODY-TEMPERATURE; JET-LAG; SUSTAINED PERFORMANCE; TIMED EXPOSURE;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
141
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T.D. Luna, "AIR-TRAFFIC-CONTROLLER SHIFTWORK - WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR AVIATION SAFETY - A REVIEW", Aviation, space, and environmental medicine, 68(1), 1997, pp. 69-79

Abstract

Most civilian and military air traffic control facilities in the United States use rapid rotation shift schedules. These schedules have generally been chosen for social reasons. Safety concerns have been raised because the air traffic controllers (ATCs) often carry an acute sleep debt onto the night-shift where they have little active work to do as they sit in the dark at the nadir of their circadian rhythms. This paper reviews advancing and delaying rapid shiftwork schedules, ATC workload factors as they relate to error rates and safety, and potential countermeasures. Recent studies indicate that ATC performance declineson the night-shift and that ATCs may be falling asleep while on-duty. There is indirect evidence that ATC error rates are highest on the night-shift. There are only limited studies which have evaluated potential countermeasures. The operational significance of the problems associated with ATC shiftwork is not yet clear. Further study is needed.

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Documento generato il 14/07/20 alle ore 05:59:27